Germany is a great place to explore in Europe, and there are many incredible castles in Germany for those who are fans of old architecture and military history. The country offers vistas, landmarks, history, culture, beers, and castles to enjoy!
A multitude of majestic castles of outstanding historical significance is housed in this incredible country. If you intend to dive into an adventure of castles, war, kings, and view a range of historical infrastructure, Germany is the place for you.
Are you a castle fan, or a lover of all things German? Read on and discover some of the best castles in Germany below!
Best Castles in Germany
1. Neuschwanstein Castle
Address: Neuschwansteinstraße 20, 87645 Schwangau, Germany
Schloss Neuschwanstein (or Neuschwanstein Castle), seems like something straight out of a fairy tale, from its towers, turrets, frescoes, and throne hall. It is among the best castles in Germany; a beauty not to miss.
It was known as New Hohenschwangau Castle because it was intended to represent Hohenschwangau Castle, where Ludwig II spent his early years in Schwangau, Germany. The ancient Schloss Hohenschwangau presently stands in the majestic shadow of Neuschwanstein.
With its white limestone façade and deep blue turrets, it is a striking structure. The real-life Neuschwanstein Castle served as the model for the castle featured in the 1950 Disney film Cinderella.
Another Disney castle resembles Neuschwanstein; the castle from Sleeping Beauty in Disneyland, which tracks since Walt Disney and his wife took a journey to Europe, including a stop at Neuschwanstein Castle, before starting work on his California theme park.
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2. Lichtenstein Castle
Address: Schloss Lichtenstein 1, 72805 Lichtenstein, Germany
The Lichtenstein Castle is a German castle located on the edge of the Swabian Alps in Baden-Wurttemberg. This gothic-style castle is placed on a lovely exposed rock overlooking a wooded valley, with Lichtenstein’s southern portion views.
Lichtenstein Castle is known as one of Germany’s most magical castles. The surrounding scenery is rich and green in the spring and summer, but it is at its best in the autumn.
As the leaves begin to change, the neighboring hills and valleys, which are densely forested, turn a lovely orange and yellow.
The castle retains its magnificence among snow-capped hills in the winter; sadly it is closed during certain winter months.
The most impressive point to see at the castle is the outer wall, constructed on the edge of a cliff, which is a fascinating sight from near or far, and it offers a birds-eye view of the beauty of nature encircling the castle.
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3. Hohenzollern Castle
Address: 72379 Burg Hohenzollern, Germany
The castle is perched atop a particularly steep hill in Bisingen, Germany. Its inspiration came from the majestic Swabian Alb, close to the famous Black Forest.
Hohenzollern Castle was built on the site of a residence that was demolished in 1423 and remained abandoned until the nineteenth century.
The great things to do in the Hohenzollern Castle include a tour of the well-maintained castle grounds, the two castle chapels, and the casemates, often known as cellars.
Throughout the year, the beautiful view of the Alb from Hohenzollern Castle, as well as its charming and majestic grandeur, draws hundreds of enthusiastic travelers from all over the world.
Driving there is easy, and if you’re going throughout Germany in a van or camper, you can stay on the premises overnight.
While some public transit options are available, such as the bus or cab, driving allows you to spend more time in the castle without worrying about catching a bus back to your accommodation.
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4. Hohenschwangau Castle
Address: Alpseestraße 30, 87645 Schwangau, Germany
Hohenschwangau Castle, located on the outskirts of the gorgeous Alpsee and overlooking the town of the same name that dates back to the 12th century, is a must-see attraction.
Following King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria‘s acquisition of the ruin in 1832, it was transformed into a summer and hunting retreat for him and his royal family. It was here, in Hohenschwangau that Ludwig II spent most of his boyhood summers.
The manor has undergone numerous reconstructions due to the damage it has sustained over the years. Many of the chambers on the castle tour feature beautiful original interior decorating. The castle is also dotted with regal furnishings and various displays, which makes for a memorable experience.
During your visit, you will have the opportunity to explore and take in some of the most breathtaking scenery Germany has to offer.
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5. Burghausen Castle
Address: Burg 48, 84489 Burghausen, Germany
Burghausen Castle is a fascinating attraction located in the town where it gets its name in Upper Bavaria, Germany. It is among the longest castles in the world and still retains its impressive medieval walls.
Despite being overshadowed by the country’s most renowned castles, Burghausen Castle is well worth a visit due to its unique style and historical significance.
The castle, which is primarily composed of travertine stone, is primarily of Gothic architecture. It comprises an inner courtyard and five surrounding courtyards that were once guarded by moats, portcullises, and drawbridges to keep intruders out.
The design of the interior of the castle is Art Nouveau. Four elegant rooms in the castle can be rented for weddings, exhibitions, concerts, or banquets. The castle chapel is ideal for a beautiful, fairytale wedding.
Rooms to view inside Burghausen Castle include the Great Hall house, the castle museum, and the art gallery. In the first outside courtyard, you’ll find stables, a brewery, and a bakery.
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6. Heidelberg Palace
Address: Schlosshof 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Schloss Heidelberg (or Heidelberg Castle, more commonly known as Heidelberg Palace among English speakers) in German is among the notable castles in Germany.
It is a 16th-century castle, situated on a terraced hillside about 200 meters above Heidelberg’s Old Town and built of red Neckar sandstone. It is one of the finest examples of German Renaissance architecture.
Since the early nineteenth century, the palace has been associated with Victorian romanticism and has drawn millions of visitors since.
At the castle, a variety of events are held and celebrated throughout the year. The majority of events take place in the building’s picturesque courtyard, which plays host to a variety of theater acts, concerts, and fireworks shows.
The incredible Heidelberg Castle Festival, which takes place from June to August comprises an eclectic mix of theater, choral music, chamber orchestras, jazz, folk, and opera is one of the most popular events in town
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7. Linderhof Palace
Address: Linderhof 12, 82488 Ettal, Germany
Linderhof Palace is located in the picturesque town of Ettal in the German state of Hesse. The palace was built between 1870 and 1880, with the foundation stone placed into the bedrock in 1870. The notable architect Carl von Effner designed this stunning palace that is now among Germany’s treasures.
The Palace is a great tourist destination for those looking for a cheap day out. Guests under the age of 18 are welcome to explore the site for free, which is particularly useful for family visits.
A guided tour of the palace’s interior is the best way to see it in its entirety. In addition to being fun and informative, the 25-minute tour will also allow you to appreciate the ambiance that surrounds you while you are within the palace. Do note that taking photographs is strictly forbidden.
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8. Cochem Castle
Address: Schlossstraße 36, 56812 Cochem, Germany
Cochem Castle, popularly known as Reichsburg Castle, is among Germany’s picturesque castles. The picturesque medieval castle in Cochem, known for its fairytale style and architecture, is the town’s crowning glory. The castle was built at the beginning of the 12th century.
It is an imperial and neo-gothic style castle decorated with luxurious interiors and towering about 330 ft above the river Moselle located on a hill over the historic town of Cochem in Germany.
Whatever way you take into Cochem, your gaze will be drawn to this unbelievable sight, complete with a four-story octagonal tower rising high over the river.
The ring wall, octagonal tower, witch’s gate “Hexenturm,” and the great hall are some of the highlights of this castle.
Cochem Castle is open to the public for 40-minute guided tours, which include information on the castle’s tapestries, exquisite wood paneling, Louis XIV-style furniture, Baroque paintings, stained glass windows, and an armory.
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9. Schwerin Castle
Address: Lennéstraße 1, 19053 Schwerin, Germany
Schwerin, the capital of the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, is a historic city situated on the picturesque Schwerinsee where the fascinating Schwerin Castle lies.
This enormous castle is a magnificent fortress encircled with the beauty of nature and small-town charm, making it worthwhile to visit. The magnificent structure has been rebuilt and expanded multiple times during the past thousand years. The castle is situated on an island surrounded by parks and gardens and its updated design is influenced by the Renaissance era.
To stroll through the grounds of Schwerin Castle is a real fairytale-like tour. The enormous green space garden is filled with arcades, canopies, and 18th-century sandstone statues by Balthasar Permoser and is modeled like a French pleasure garden.
Today, it serves as the seat of the Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Landtag and contains the castle museum. Daily guided tours take you around the lavishly adorned halls of the castle and provide insight into its history. After your tour, refuel with coffee and cake at the old glass and cast iron orangery, which now houses a café.
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10. Rheinstein Castle
Address: Burg Rheinstein, 55413 Trechtingshausen, Germany
Rheinstein Castle in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, is a superbly sophisticated example of both Romantic and Medieval architecture in one castle. It really is a work of art.
The castle is among the best castles in Germany, which dates back to the 13th century. It had formerly served as a toll castle, but it was largely destroyed by fire in the 17th century.
This Romantic ruin can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. You may explore its chambers or soak in its medieval atmosphere. In the castle’s magnificent garden, you can stroll through the flowers and snap some pics.
The courtyard, which gives a beautiful view of the Rhine River, is accessible after entering the castle and proceeding past the gift store down to an aperture on the left. The courtyard of Burg Rheinstein is known as the “Burgunder-Garden,” after the Burgundy grape vine that grows on its grounds.
Burg Rheinstein contains a cafe and gift shop where you may buy small wooden treasure chests, as well as postcards and guidebooks. While taking in the views of the gorgeous Rhine river, try a local flammkuchen (a German flatbread similar to pizza) or a coffee at the castle’s restaurant.
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11. Schloss Drachenburg
Address: Drachenfelsstraße 118, 53639 Königswinter, Germany
Have you ever wished upon a star to wake up in a fairytale? To wander around an ethereal forest castle and see life as it was over 200 years ago? If that’s the case, I’ve got the place for you!
The lovely village of Königswinter, just 30 minutes from Cologne, is home to Castle Drachenburg, one of Germany’s best-preserved castles.
Schloss Drachenburg (or Dragon Mountain Castle) is perched on a steep, forested hill with sweeping views of the Rhineland. Half the pleasure is getting to the castle, and this itinerary offers a choose-your-own-adventure of how to scale the Drachenfels.
The rear patio, in particular, boasts beautiful views of the valley below, rich with wildflowers sprouting down the hillside. You may also enjoy a stroll through the gardens and the grand halls of the castle.
The interior of the castle is filled with beautiful Renaissance murals on its ceilings and other elegant displays.
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12. Nymphenburg Palace
Address: Schloß Nymphenburg 1, 80638 München, Germany
Nymphenburg Palace, also known as the Schloss Nymphenburg, and its stunning park, located on the city’s western outskirts, is one of Munich’s most popular attractions. Your tour will be worthwhile because of the majestic, elaborately furnished interiors, and grandeur of this breathtaking palace.
The interior decorations and designs of Nymphenburg Palace were contributed by the most famous sculptors, plasterers, and painters of their day.
The jaw-dropping three-story Stone Hall, the Steinerner Saal, once King Ludwig I’s beauty gallery is a must-see. It features a portrait of the infamous Lola Montez, the woman with whom he (and many, many other rich, powerful, and famous men) had a tumultuous relationship.
Green silk covers the entire inside of King Ludwig II’s birth room. One of Germany’s largest and most important pieces of garden art is the Nymphenburg Palace Park, inspired by the French gardens of Versailles Palace.
It begins with an asymmetrical French-style arrangement running about 229 hectares that features streams, canals, cascades, bridges, branched walkways, and artificial lakes.
In some sections, the park resembles a fairytale woodland thanks to a multitude of figures and statues, as well as a discreetly hidden miniatures park of tiny castles and palaces.
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13. Wernigerode Castle
Address: Am Schloß 1, 38855 Wernigerode, Germany
Don’t be fooled by Wernigerode’s lack of popularity compared to other German cities. Wernigerode is a modest yet attractive, up-and-coming tourist location worth seeing.
It is located 300 feet above the village of Wernigerode in the Harz Mountains. It was built at the beginning of the 12th century.
Visiting the Wernigerode Castle is one of the most fun activities and places to visit at lovely sites in the area, and its beauty will surprise you. Many visitors claim they feel like they’ve been transported into a fairytale world during a visit here.
The indoor courtyard comes alive with activities and festivities every hour during Christmas. Stories, minstrels, reenactments, and a traditional Christmas market are held here.
Because of its spectacular interior architecture, the castle museum is open all year round and frequently hosts conferences, weddings, and other events.
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14. Imperial Castle of Nuremberg
Address: Burg 17, 90403 Nürnberg, Germany
Nuremberg‘s Imperial Castle serves as a symbol of the city. Throughout history, this medieval castle has symbolized both the power and significance of the Holy Roman Empire in Germany, as well as the imperial city’s important role in the creation of the German nation in the 19th Century.
Visitors can explore the Imperial hall, different medieval rooms, the center of the castle hill, and the deep well, which served as the castle’s most significant water source during times of siege.
Even though the well was first documented in the 14th century, it is almost certainly as old as the Imperial Castle in which it is located.
Located in the Imperial Castle’s courtyard, the Sinwell Tower, a defensive tower built in the 13th century, provides a beautiful view over Nuremberg’s historic center.
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Address: 56338 Braubach, Germany
Braubach, a small village near Koblenz, Germany, contains a hidden gem for visitors: the best-preserved castle in the Middle Rhine Valley.
Marksburg Castle, which dates back to 1117, is perhaps one of Germany’s best castles to see. The structure has nothing in common with Disney fairytales, despite its prettiness, because it was never intended to be a royal residence, rather it was built purely as a stronghold. Nevertheless, it is a wonderful site to explore and see.
Take a walk to the Knight’s stairwell near the entryway and explore the castle’s defenses, where you can see the old canyons.
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16. Eltz Castle
Address: 56294 Wierschem, Germany
One of the only German castles that can rival the renowned Neuschwanstein Castle in beauty and grandeur, Eltz Castle is a piece of this breathtakingly gorgeous architecture that appears to have been plucked straight from the pages of every child’s Disney-induced fantasy. If you’re planning a trip to Wierschem, add this castle to your itinerary!
Because it is one of only three medieval castles that have survived intact and unaltered on the left bank of the Rhine River, it is an excellent place to learn about the Middle Ages. It differs from the other well-known fairytale castles in Germany in that it does not sit atop a hill like the others.
The castle perched atop a rocky outcropping near the Elzbach River, flanked on all sides by the magnificent Eltz Forest, making it just as much of a bugger for assaulting forces to attack.
It is the ideal spot in town to bask in the Medieval ambiance, and enjoy its fairytale settings and the beauty of the German countryside.
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17. Grünwald Castle
Address: Zeillerstraße 3, 82031 Grünwald bei München, Germany
The Middle Ages left their mark on the charming town of Grünwald, in the form of Grünwald Castle. This hill castle was once an ammunition stockpile and prison, but it is now a section of Munich’s Archaeological National Museum as well as among the most charming architectural treasures in Germany.
This fortress was built around the year 1000 and stood for only about 200 years before being demolished. It was never repaired and was eventually replaced with a church. A visit to the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, as well as the Chapel of Holy Blood, should be on your list of things to do in Grünwald.
And, because this is Upper Bavaria, it’s best enjoyed outside in the castle’s beer garden! If liquid bread isn’t your scene, there are always excellent bicycle trails and walking pathways that will take you into the gorgeous countryside.
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18. Stolzenfels Castle
Address: Schlossweg 11, 56075 Koblenz, Germany
Stolzenfels Castle is a magnificent medieval fortification located near the Rhine River in a deep forest. This ruined 13th-century fortress was reconstructed as a Gothic-style masterpiece with a lofty central tower in the 1800s and renovated in 2011. Visitors love to admire the castle’s unique architectural features and interior décor.
Explore the castle’s passageways and rooms to appreciate its characteristics, constructed by architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel in the early 19th Century. The castle has a light and airy feel, thanks to its positioning and large windows. It is also known for its expansive terraces, spacious halls, and flat roofs, and it has a light feel.
As you pass through the various chambers, take note of the beautiful décor. The Knights’ Hall is a must-see attraction. You can learn about the country’s history by inspecting murals depicting scenes from medieval German history.
Examine the many antiquities on display in the armory. You may also enjoy Stolzenfels Castle’s Rhine Romanticism by strolling through its manicured gardens.
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19. Schloss Johannisburg
Address: Schloßpl. 4, 63739 Aschaffenburg, Germany
Johannisburg Palace served as the second house of the archbishop-electors of Mainz until 1803 and is located in the heart of Aschaffenburg on the banks of the Main River. The huge four-winged tower that defines this castle, was built between 1605 and 1614 under the orders of Archbishop-Elector Johann Schweikard von Kronberg.
With its beauty and historical significance, the castle is among the most outstanding examples of German Renaissance palace architecture.
Visit the Palace Church, which features Hans Juncker’s Renaissance altar, pulpit, and doorway sculptures, and the Vestment Chamber, which houses the vestments from the former Main Cathedral treasury.
Check out the Princely Apartments, which are furnished in Neoclassical style, and the Muhlenberg, which is open to the general public.
You may take a self-guided tour of the castle to view the portraits, learn about its history, and see the numerous artifacts stored within.
After trekking the grounds, enjoy a glass of wine beside a palace window while enjoying the remarkable collection of cork models of ancient Roman monuments, including the Coliseum and a gallery of paintings by Bavarian artists.
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20. High Castle of Füssen
Address: Magnuspl. 10, 87629 Füssen, Germany
The Hohes Schloss von Füssen (or High Castle of Füssen) is one of Bavaria’s most spectacular and well-preserved medieval castles in this 13th-century structure. Its late Gothic style has remained mostly unchanged over the years.
The High Castle of Füssen sits on the top of a rocky ledge that affords a panoramic view of the village. Once the medieval summer palace of the Prince Bishops of Augsburg, Hohes Schloss is Bavaria’s largest and best-preserved Gothic castle complex.
It now houses the county tax office, and the state art gallery. The castle’s interior is in good shape and provides a brief overview of architectural styles from the 15th to the 19th centuries.
Take in the view of the Allgäu from the Veitskapelle, Germany’s highest castle chapel, and admire the Gothic timber ceilings in the Knight’s Room, before checking out all of the dungeons in the tower.