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20 Most Famous Historical Landmarks in Czechia

The most famous landmarks in Czechia (also known by its older name, the Czech Republic) are among the most incredible landmarks in all of Europe.

This makes it all the more of a shame that this remarkable country, its stunning landscapes, unique architecture, thought-provoking art, lively nightlife, delicious cuisine, phenomenal beer, wonderful culture, and friendly people are commonly underrated, misunderstood, or just plain forgotten about.

For example, take the Bohemian Switzerland National Park, known by some locals as “Czech Switzerland” which allows you to enjoy a variety of fun outdoor activities with your family or friends with the most incredible mountainous backdrop.

This is a great place to learn about some of Czechia’s native plants and wildlife. Hiking is one of the best activities here, with the glorious Czech summers being ideal for hiking in this national park.

Then there’s the Italian Court, which has a functioning medieval currency with identical power as today’s Euro. Where else in Europe can you see let alone USE a medieval currency with the same strength and convenience as the Euro?!

The Italian Court in Kutná Hora and the Bohemian Switzerland National Park are just two of Czechia’s not-to-be-missed landmarks, and we haven’t even scratched the surface! So let’s dive into the list of our favorite landmarks in Czechia!

Most Famous Historical Landmarks in Czechia

1. Karlštejn Castle

Karlštejn Castle, Karlštejn, Czechia

In the fascinating town of Karlštejn in Czechia, lies the astonishing Karlštejn Castle. It is a historic large Gothic castle that is worth visiting in the landlocked country in Central Europe. It is by far the most popular travel destination in Czechia after the country’s capital, Prague. 

The castle was founded by Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, in 1348. By 1365 the construction ended in the Chapel of the Holy Cross in the Great Tower.

It once served as the private residence for the king and a place of and safekeeping all the fanciest royal treasures King Charles IV had accumulated. It still holds most of these treasures today, including the Imperial Regalia, as well as Christian holy relics, jewels, and more.

These treasures are part of what makes Karlštejn Castle worth visiting and worthy of being added to every travel in Czechia itinerary, not to mention this breathtaking fairytale structure and the surrounding storybook scenery.

This is what Disneyland wishes it could be!

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2. Old Royal Palace

The Old Royal Palace, also known as the Starý Královský Palác is a fascinating castle in Prague. It is located in Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1.

This well-preserved and beautifully maintained Prague castle was once the seat of Bohemian kings and princes. It has undergone many renovations over several centuries. This historical landmark in Prague was also once home to the Bohemian Chancellery.

The Vladislav Hall is among the main highlights when visiting Old Royal Palace. The hall has seen centuries’ worth of coronations, festivities, banquets, and even chivalric tournaments.

Aside from Vladislav Hall, the palace also has an All Saints’ Church. It is established, and Petr Parler that adds to the beauty of the palace. There is also a medieval theater at the castle, as well as a medieval market with artistic and luxurious goods that make great souvenirs.

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3. Old Town Square

Old Town Square Prague

Old Town Square is a vibrant historic square located in Staroměstské nám., 110 00 Josefov, in the Old Town quarter of Prague.

It is positioned between the town’s iconic landmarks such as Wenceslas Square and Charles Bridge.

Its origins stretch back to the 10th century when it functioned as a vibrant marketplace along European trade routes.

Perhaps the city’s most famous landmark, Prague’s Old Town Square is surrounded by breathtaking architecture and features monuments and well-known Czechian landmarks.

Nearby intriguing sights include the Church of St Nicholas and the Rococo Kinský Palace. The magnificent Gothic House at the Stone Bell, as well as memorials to Jan Hus, were also inaccessible due to the closure of the churches.

The square is also home to a memorial of commemorative stones in honor of the 1621 execution of 27 Czech nobles. There’s also the wonderful tower Prague Meridian, which is a great stop for pictures.

Perhaps most glorious of all is the Astronomical Clock that was built in 1410. This Prague landmark is also one of the most famous sights in Czechia and among the most beautiful astronomical clocks in the world.

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4. Prague Castle

Prague Aerial

In the vibrant capital city of Prague, stands Prague Castle (or Pražský Hrad), strategically situated at Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1, the historical center of Prague, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

See why Prague Castle is atop our best things to do in Prague straight from our YouTube channel.

Prague Travel Guide: Best Things to do in Prague, Czechia 4K

Its beginnings may be traced back to the late 9th century, during the reign of Boivoj, Bohemia’s first Christian monarch. Since 1918, the former seat of power for Bohemian monarchs and Holy Roman emperors has been the official residence of Czechia’s President.

Other royal castles and palaces around the world could learn a thing or two from Prague Castle. On an estate encompassing 110 acres, the vast complex of Prague Castle houses chapels, offices, numerous defenses (including towers and turrets), courtyards, gardens, and sub-palaces. It is also where the Bohemian Crown Jewels are kept in a secret vault under guard, lock, and key.

Visitors in the summer should check out the Summer Shakespeare Festival that is held in the courtyard of Burgrave Palace.

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5. The Konopiste Castle

The spectacular four-winged, three-story Konopiste Castle is located in the charming town of Beneov, at Konopit 256 01.

Established in 1294, the stunning castle-château of Konopit is most famous for being the final official residence of the Austrian Archduke and Franz Ferdinand, before his assassination in 1914, which would trigger the devastating First World War. The bullet that killed him is on display at this magnificent castle.

In no small amount of irony, one of the major attractions and highlights to observe at the Konopiste Castle is the Archduke and his heir’s remarkable collection of hunting weapons and trophies.

Four-hour guided tours of the castle interiors, including the Franz Ferdinand d’Este family rooms, are offered, where visitors can admire original furnishings and essential art collections that have been preserved.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand transformed the extensive Konopiste Castle baroque gardens into a manicured park towards the nineteenth century, featuring an English-style Rose Garden and conservatories with various tropical and subtropical species of flora.

There is also a one-of-a-kind cork pavilion.

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6. Krkonoše National Park

Krkonoe National Park (also known as Krkonoe Mountains National Park) covers the Liberec and Hradec Králové regions and is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site. It is one of the most popular natural landmarks in Czechia.

The Krkonoše National Park is the highest mountain range in the northeast of Czechia know for its sandstone ridges, high peat bogs, lush green meadows, and deep blue lakes. The park has a range of flora and fauna that are unique to this part of the country.

Founded in 1963, Krkonoe National Park preserves glacial peaks and Alpine rolling greens. Several rare boreal-Arctic wildlife, namely the Alpine shrew, were also kept and protected by the park.

Aside from the natural preservation and nature escapade Krkonoše National Park offers, it also has an amazing ski resort to enjoy winter sports and activities amidst the Czechian countryside.

The park borders Karkonosze National Park in Poland, it provides spectacular and picturesque views of mountains and greens in Czechia’s northeastern neighbor.

The park is ideal for family getaways adventure and a brilliant group travel idea for those seeking a memorable and fun experience in the wilderness.

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7. Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge in Prague

The Charles Bridge (or Karlův Most) is one of Prague’s most well-known and popular sights. The bridge runs through the heart of Czechia’s capital city over the River Moldau.

Renowned for its Gothic and Baroque architecture, the Charles Bridge is one of the country’s oldest structures, its construction dating back to 1267. Charles IV commissioned the Charles Bridge at the height of his reign, not so modestly naming it after himself!

The stone bridge, built in the Gothic style, connects Prague Castle with several other important landmarks that line the river bank and is known for the 30 baroque-style statues that line the bridge.

This beautiful structure has inspired much of Prague’s subsequent architecture, as well as other bridges throughout Europe, making it one of the most significant pieces of architecture on the continent.

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8. State Castle and Chateau Český Krumlov

The Vtkovci family, the chief branch of the powerful Bohemian Rosenburg line, built the first castle on this site in 1240.

The castle is the perfect day out for families, and groups of travelers. Aside from the castle interiors, which may be viewed through two sightseeing itineraries, the complex includes meeting areas and informative programs for kids.

The complete historical complex of State Castle and Chateau Český Krumlov was placed on the UNESCO World Cultural and is a Czechain Natural Heritage site.

Some of the highlights to witness in the castle are its view of the Vltava River, well-preserved halls, the Bear Moat, the revolving auditorium added in 1959, and the jaw-dropping 3-tiered Cloak Bridge.

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9. Prague Astronomical Clock

Prague Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock is one of the most spectacular sights in Prague and shouldn’t be missed! This mechanical marvel is one of the city’s most popular and visited sites.

It’s a stunning timepiece in the Old Town Hall, and is the third-oldest astronomical clock, and is still in operation, still ticking from its construction in 1410.

Known as The Orloj, this devilishly clever clock shows how the Earth, sun, and moon are positioned from month to month and year to year. It also contains Zodiac constellations and depictions of important Catholic saints of making the timepiece a popular tourist destination.

The beauty and genius of this clock are truly something to behold. To see how the clock works up close and personal, try and catch it during its chiming hours.

When the clock strikes from 9:00 am to 11:00 pm, you can watch the procession of the Twelve Apostles!

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10. Old Town Bridge Tower

Old Town Bridge Tower in Prague

The Old Town Bridge Tower is one of the most popular sights to see when visiting Prague’s various marvels. It is located on Karlova Street, No. 110,100 Praha 1. The tower is one of Prague’s most notable landmarks

This fascinating monumental bridge was erected under the supervision of Emperor Charles IV in 1357. The tower, together with Charles Bridge, was built according to the design of Petr Parléř, designed as a ceremonial bridge through which Czech kings passed on their crowning voyages.

If you want some unforgettable views of the city (and if you want to skip the gym that day) climb the 138 steps to the gallery, for unforgettable views of Prague.

The structure also had a military function, as it was a part of the city’s watchtower system, constructed to protect the Old Town from invasion from the north.

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11. St Barbara’s Cathedral

This church, located in the lovely town of Kutná Hora, provides breathtaking vistas of the town and the surrounding countryside from St Barbara’s Cathedral and Corpus Christi Chapel.

The Cathedral of St Barbara is a masterpiece of the Late Gothic era and is now one of Prague remaining four cathedral-type monuments.

The Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady is also listed together with this cathedral on the UNESCO Heritage list, as well as the St John the Baptist and Kutná Hora’s historical center.

This is a great area to enjoy a more relaxed outing. Throughout the day, soak up the sun’s rays while admiring the magnificent frescoes and cathedral’s stained glass beauty.

Admiring the baroque furnishings in this stunning environment and exploring the nooks and crannies around the church area is one of the most gratifying things to do when visiting St Barbara’s Cathedral.

Printed guides and tickets are distributed on an individual tour of the church. It’s a wonderful experience to go inside alone or with your family.

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12. Podyjí National Park

The fascinating Podyji National Park in Moravia’s southwest covers densely wooded terrain. It is one of the finest parks in Czechia to explore and enjoy a fantastic adventure.

Podyj National Park is the perfect place to go if you’re looking for green space. Spectacular scenery, including a sweeping river and stone amphitheaters, attracts people and families from around the world to spend an outdoor holiday in this beautiful park.

It is a destination to engage in a variety of outdoor activities with family and friends. The park is a popular walking and biking destination that passes through an area famed for its vineyards and gherkins.

Podyj National Park is close by the Lednice-Valtice Park, which is a fantastic spot to visit before or after admiring the grandeur of this superb park. One of the most prominent features of Lednice-Valtice Park is its Baroque castle, which houses a chapel and the captivating Church of the Ascension.

Another attraction near the national park is Pálava, an exciting site to visit known for exceptional archaeological sites on display.

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13. Strahov Monastery

Aerial Panorama from the Strahov Monastery

Do you enjoy reading or have a passion for literature?

Strahov Monastery is a Premonstratensian monastery and library built in 1143 by the Bishop John of Prague, Jindich Zdk, and Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia.

The Premonstratensian monastic library in Strahov is one of the most significant, and well-preserved medieval libraries in the world. Its collection contains over 200,000 volumes.

The Theological Hall and the Philosophers’ Hall at Strahov Monastery are two of the monastery’s main attractions. The Baroque Theological Hall is a remarkable venue, still used for concerts, chamber music, and recitals.

Siard Noseck and Anton Maulbertsch’s ceiling murals at the Strahov Monastery are breathtaking. After looking over the abbey’s beauty, food is served at the monastery’s own brewery.

The central Classicist Vaults of the Philosophical Hall can be found here, which are two stories tall, erected in 1794.

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14. The Royal Garden

Looking for a more relaxed history and heritage site to tour in Czechia?

The Renaissance-era Royal Garden is one of the most tranquil and beautiful spots in the heart of Prague. This green oasis was planted in the former location of ancient medieval vineyards, under the instruction of Habsburg monarch, Ferdinand I.

The park became well-known for its rare botanical species and exotic plants acquired from foreign lands. For centuries, the Royal Garden was inaccessible to the public, reserved just for the sovereign, the royal family, and favored members court.

Today, the concealed garden is one of the finest tourist attractions and public spaces in Czechia.

The park conveniently is located near other beautiful sights and places in Prague, including the Saint Vitus Cathedral, the Pretrin’s Hill Eiffel Tower, and the Lobkowicz Palace Museum, making it a great part of a day trip around the city.

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15. Sedlec Ossuary

When looking for a destination that is scenic, peaceful, and a little bit creepy in one package the incredible Sedlec Ossuary is among the most unique travel experiences in Hora, Czechia.

This enchanting Roman Catholic chapel, built in a Gothic style, can be seen under the Church of All Saints cemetery. The Gothic church is also part of the former monastery in Sedlec.

From the church’s outside, all seems and ordinary, but descend into its basement to discover and came across with something quite eerie.

This underground chapel features a chandelier made purely from bone and garlands of human skeletal remains. Vast numbers of human bones have been bleached and ornately crafted and now cover everything in sight on the chapel.

It is estimated there are between 40,000 to 70,00 skeletons adorned in the chapel.

On the left side of the chandelier, you’ll see a coat of arms made of the Schwarzenberg family’s bones, the Czech family that once governed the town.


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16. Dancing House

Dancing House Prague

The Dancing House is a stunning modern building that draws large crowds to Prague thanks to its innovative design and construction.

Croatian-Czech Vlado Milunić, and Canadian-American Frank Gehry were the exterior architects, and Czech-British architect, Eva Jiřičná, designed most of the interior of this beautiful attraction.

Erected in 1996, the Dancing House has since become the standard of contemporary construction in Prague, which fits gracefully into the Rašínovo Embankment.

The home has a few nicknames among locals, including “The House on the Lawn”. It is also commonly known as “Fred and Ginger” after famous silver-screen dance partners Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.

The famous couple is represented in the two main columns of the Dancing House; Ginger is the flowing tower made of glass, and the tall, straight stone tower, leading the pair in dance is Fred.

Aside from the fascinating architecture of the building, it hosts fantastic galleries and a restaurant that provides a stunning 360° view of Prague.

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17. Old Town Hall

Old Town Hall Prague

The Town Hall is certainly a stunning location in Prague, but its tourist information is another reason to appreciate a trip there. A superb tourist information center is located there, operated by Prague City Tourism. If you’re looking for a great jumping-off point, look no further.

A variety of tourist services and information is provided at the center. It offers general information on Prague from the city’s seasonal events, fascinating culture, and best attractions, museums, galleries, and monuments.

When you don’t know where to go and want to learn more about the charming town of Prague, the center is the place to go. In addition to travel information, a variety of tours are offered at the information center.

If you need help, the center has it all when you’re looking to book tours, buy concert tickets, find maps, and public transportation tickets. It is accessible and easy to reach, and open year-round.

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18. Bohemian Switzerland National Park

Bohemian Switzerland National Park

Embark into a great outdoor adventure in Bohemian Switzerland National Park. It is a national park that is also known as Czech Switzerland and Ceské švýcarsko.

As mentioned in the intro, this fascinating green space is located in the Czech Republic’s northwest, known for soft, rolling landscapes of forests and sandstone cliffs.

The park is also a part of Germany’s natural reserve area on the side of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains.

It’s an ideal location for nature lovers and offers an opportunity for various fun outdoor activities to enjoy with the family or with friends. Hiking is among the best things to do in the park, where summer is the best time to hike in Bohemian Switzerland National Park.

Aside from hiking, admiring the impressive Elbe sandstone mountains, Kamenice riverbank, Kamnitz Gorge, and Bastei Bridge are among the highlights not to miss in this picturesque park.

Like all Czech national parks, your dog is welcome to explore with you and the family!

Check out the views of this Bohemian Switzerland National Park from a train car via our YouTube channel.

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19. Italian Court

This historical landmark in Kutná Hora, is among the coolest attraction in towns not to overlook when staying in Czechia.

It is a national cultural monument, established in 1962.

Currency is king at this place, and in more ways than one!

This incredible attraction comprises a town hall, palace, Gothic-style chapel, coin minting exhibits, and more. The royal chapel in the court incorporates the delights of gothic architectural elements with the masterpieces of art-nouveau mosaics.

While visiting Italian Court, you can trade Euros in for a replica medieval currency used in historical Bohemia, with the same spending power and convenience as the present Euro, that can be used in the Court on a variety of souvenirs, including handmade replicas of medieval coins minted in the court, publications on medieval minting, memory stamps, and other collectibles.

To learn about the origins of the American dollar and medieval political decisions that shaped the course of European history are among the highlights of this beautiful must-see destination.

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20. St. George’s Basilica

The oldest surviving church structure in Prague is St. George’s Basilica, which was also the second church constructed in Prague Castle.

It is located on Hradčany Square, 11908 Prague 1. Vratislaus I of Bohemia founded the Basilica in 920, as a monument of worship to honor Saint George.

This is one of the few areas left from the original 10th-century church.

The Basilica is the eternal resting place of many of Bohemia’s most revered religious and ruling elite. The tombs of the ruling Premyslid dynasty are located in the central nave.

Not only is St. George’s Basilica worth seeing for its triple nave and massive Romanesque apse, but also for the crypt or chapel of the Virgin Mary, for whom the stone walls withstood a devastating medieval fire.

To see St. George’s Basilica you need a valid ticket for the Prague Castle small or big circuit tour. Individual tours and group tours are available, to those interested in a detailed history of the Basilica.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What landmarks are in Czechia?

Here is a list of landmarks in Czechia: Charles Bridge, Prague Castle, Old Town Square, and the Astronomical clock on Old Town square.

Also, the Wenceslas Square and Powder Tower are the symbols of Prague’s architectural identity (also used to mark the time before entering or leaving the city’s gates… There are legends that an evil dragon lives deep inside.)

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