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Turkey Travel Guide: Travel Tips for Visiting

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Turkey is filled with fascinating places abundant in historical significance, dramatic landscapes, and dynamic cultures that draw upon its storied past as the crossroads between Europe and Asia.

Whether you are visiting Turkey for the first time or returning to explore new places, let this guide help you discover some of the best things to do and hidden gems during your stay.

Best Things to Do in Turkey

1. Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
AlexAnton / Adobe Stock

The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul is a building of immense architectural importance and significant historical and religious significance. It was once a Greek Orthodox cathedral and later an Ottoman mosque. Nowadays, it is a museum showcasing its Byzantine mosaics and Islamic calligraphy, making it a prime example of a few centuries of history converging into a single structure.

2. Topkapi Palace Museum

The gate of Salutation in Topkapi Palace
nejdetduzen / Adobe Stock

Situated at the core of Istanbul, Topkapi Palace is an expansive museum that once served as the main residence of the Ottoman Sultans. The palace has multiple courtyards and chambers, richly adorned with intricate tiles and frescoes. The museum houses countless artifacts and relics, such as the famous Topkapi Dagger and the Spoonmaker’s Diamond.

See Related: Bucket List Destinations You Need to Visit

3. Basilica Cistern

Basilica Cistern in Istanbul, Turkey
Mapics / Adobe Stock

The Basilica Cistern is an ancient subterranean water reservoir in Istanbul. Often referred to as the ‘Sunken Palace,’ it is adorned with 336 marble columns that support the ceiling. Visitors can admire the mysterious Medusa heads and soft, orange-tinted light reflecting in the water. It’s an atmospheric space that transports visitors back to the time of the Roman Empire.

4. Goreme Historical National Park

Hot air balloons flying over Goreme Historical National Park
efired / Adobe Stock

Located in the heart of Cappadocia, this stunning park is home to unique rock formations, cave dwellings, and ancient churches adorned with frescoes.

Don’t miss the chance to take a hot air balloon ride at dawn, a signature Cappadocia experience that lets you soak in the whimsical landscape from above.

5. Galata Tower

Galata tower. Istanbul city aerial view
Crazy nook / Adobe Stock

This medieval stone tower in Istanbul’s Beyoğlu district offers panoramic views of the city’s skyline. Climb the spiral staircase to the observation deck for a remarkable 360-degree view of the city, including landmarks like the Bosphorus Strait and the Golden Horn.

6. Uchisar Castle

View of uchisar castle in cappadocia
Birol Dincer / Adobe Stock

Positioned among the rocky peaks of Cappadocia, Uchisar Castle is a unique geological formation used for centuries as a fortress and now a popular viewpoint. The tallest fairy chimney of its kind, it offers spectacular panoramic views from its summit.

See Related: Real, Magical Castles in Fairytales to Visit

7. Love Valley

Panoramic view of Love valley near Goreme village, Cappadocia, Turkey
Aleh Varanishcha / Adobe Stock

This unique landscape in Cappadocia is known for its phallic-shaped rock formations, alternatively called fairy chimneys. It’s a naturally sculpted wonder, perfect for photography enthusiasts and nature lovers.

8. The Blue Mosque

Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue mosque) in Istanbul , Turkey
Shchipkova Elena / Adobe Stock

Also known as the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, this impressive Istanbul landmark features six slender minarets, cascading domes, and intricate blue Iznik tiles. When visiting the mosque, ensure you’re dressed modestly, as it remains an active place of worship.

9. Olympos-Bey Mountains Shore National Park

Seaside view in Beydagları National Park in Turkey
Evgeny / Adobe Stock

Stretching along the Mediterranean coast, this national park is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts. It offers a combination of pristine beaches, fragrant pine forests, and ancient ruins surrounded by diverse flora and fauna.

10. Ankara Castle

Ankara Castle in Ankara, Turkey
muratart / Adobe Stock

This ancient fortress towers over Turkey’s capital city, symbolizing the region’s tumultuous past. Take a leisurely walk through the castle’s various sections, taking in stunning panoramic views, ruined temples, and restored Roman towers.

Where to Stay in Turkey

As a seasoned traveler, I know the place you choose to lay your head on can be just as important as the itinerary. That’s why I’ve compiled this list featuring ten top-notch accommodations in Turkey that cater to different tastes and budgets. Staying true to the local spirit, each location offers a unique experience that will make you consider revisiting Turkey.

How to Get Around in Turkey

Navigating Turkey is an adventure, with options ranging from public transportation to rental cars. My preferred method, especially for longer trips, is to rent a vehicle, which allows me flexibility and freedom to explore the country at my own pace. Visit for the best car deals to suit your needs and budget.

Travel Tips for Visiting Turkey

Knowing a few insider tips is vital to fully immersing yourself in Turkey’s rich cultural tapestry. From navigating the bustling cities to exploring hidden ruins, I’ve picked up some secrets that’ll have you feeling like a local in no time.

And remember, don’t forget to arrange proper travel insurance before your journey. Check out for reliable and comprehensive options.

Respecting Local Customs

Aerial view of Istanbul, Turkey
Givaga / Adobe Stock

Turkey’s diverse population prides itself on its dynamic culture and hospitality. To have a pleasant trip, understand local customs and traditions.

For instance, when visiting mosques, dress conservatively, removing shoes before entering. Striking up conversations with locals can also help you gain valuable insights into Turkish culture.

Street Food for the Soul

Traditional Turkish Foods on a table
Zu Kamilov / Adobe Stock

Don’t be fooled by fancy restaurants; some of the best food I’ve tasted in Turkey comes from street vendors. Savor the rich flavors of kebabs, pide, and simit while enjoying the hustle and bustle of the streets around you. It’s a delicious adventure your taste buds won’t soon forget.

Haggling Like a Pro

Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, Turkey
EwaStudio / Adobe Stock

Bargaining is an unspoken rule in Turkey’s bazaars and markets. Embrace your inner negotiator and haggle with the best of them.

Approach each interaction with a friendly smile and a fair price in mind. With patience and persistence, you’ll come away with great deals on souvenirs and memories to last a lifetime.

See Related: Cheapest Shopping Destinations in the World

Timing is Everything

Hot air balloons flying in Cappadocia, Turkey
Kotangens / Adobe Stock

Plan your itinerary around the country’s natural rhythms to make the most of your visit to Turkey. Avoid visiting popular sites during peak tourist hours or when locals break the fast during Ramadan. By choosing off-peak times, you’ll beat the crowds and experience an authentic slice of life many tourists never discover.

Embrace the Art of Relaxation

Girl traveler on a hotel terrace in Goreme, Turkey watching hot air balloons
Goffkein / Adobe Stock

Take time from your busy exploration schedule and indulge in a traditional Turkish bath or hammam. These centuries-old steam baths are an actual Turkish experience, allowing you to unwind physically and mentally while connecting with a vital aspect of the nation’s cultural heritage. Even the most intrepid traveler needs some downtime.

Related Resources

Overview and Travel Essentials
Time Zone
Driving Side
Measurement System
Internet TLD
Electrical Standards
Type C & F, 230V, 50Hz
Emergency Numbers
Police: 155, Ambulance: 112
Language Codes
Mobile Country Code
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
  • Historic Areas of Istanbul
  • Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
  • Hattusha: the Hittite Capital
  • Nemrut Dağı
  • Hierapolis-Pamukkale
  • Xanthos-Letoon
  • Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği
  • City of Safranbolu
  • Archaeological Site of Troy
  • Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex
  • Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük
  • Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape
  • Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire
  • Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape
  • Ephesus
  • Archaeological Site of Ani
  • Aphrodisias
  • Göbekli Tepe
  • Arslantepe Mound
Places We've Visited

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