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Belgium Flag vs Germany Flag: What’s The Difference?

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Belgium and Germany have slightly similar flags that have confused even Canadian officials. For your aid, I’ve pointed out the evident differences between the two flags in this article. 

Whether it’s Chad and Romania or New Zealand and Australia, similar flags create constant confusion for onlookers who aren’t in the know. Although we mainly notice them at global sporting events and summits, the importance of a national flag goes further than that. 

Belgium Flag Vs Germany Flag

Some flags depict the national colors, while others showcase the cultural and ideological symbolism embedded in its history. With every aspect of each flag carefully arranged and specified, some countries still carry strikingly similar flags. 

The Belgium and Germany flags are a pair that receives particular attention. However, even though it confuses onlookers worldwide, the similarity between these flags doesn’t go beyond its color scheme. 

If you’re confused about the uncanny resemblance between the two flags, check out my Belgium vs Germany flag debate for further insight. 

Do Germany and Belgium Have the Same Flag?

Comparison of Belgium and Germany Flag

No, these two countries have two different flags. The Belgium flag features black, yellow, and red vertical stripes, reflecting their Coat of Arms’ colors. In contrast, the German flag exhibits horizontal black, red, and gold rows, symbolizing German freedom and unity.

These flags, while using similar colors, differ fundamentally in layout and the historical context they represent, marking the individuality of each nation.

Belgium Vs. Germany Flag

Belgium Flag vs Germany Flag Comparison
FeatureBelgian FlagGerman Flag
Orientation of StripesVertical stripesHorizontal stripes
Color SequenceBlack, yellow, red (from left to right)Black, red, gold (from top to bottom)
Color SpecificationsBlack (same), Yellow (Gold #FDDA24), Red (#EF3340)Black (same), Gold (#FFCC00), Red (#EF3340)
Historical SignificanceInspired by the Duchy of Brabant’s coat of arms; symbolizes courage (black), faith (yellow), and force (red)Colors represent the uniforms of the Lützow Free Corps; linked to the Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburg Dynasty
Adoption DateAdopted in 1831Formally adopted on May 9, 1949
ProportionsRatio of 13:15 (almost square-shaped)Ratio of 3:5 (rectangular)
Historical RootsUsed as the flag of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands before being adopted by BelgiumColors chosen post-World War I, linked to the Lützow Free Corps and the Holy Roman Empire

Let’s discuss the aspects that make these flags appear similar to most people. The most evident resemblance is the color scheme. Both flags use panels of red, yellow, and black. 

These colored panels are arranged differently in each case, which helps us distinguish one from the other. Still, the similar color scheme was enough to confuse Canadian officials back in 2018

Rideau Hall was decorated with Belgian and Canadian flags during the preparations to welcome the King and Queen of Belgium to Canada. However, things went wrong when a journalist spotted Germany’s flag on a tree planted by Belgium’s Queen Fabiola in 1977. 

That’s when the Canadians realized their crass mistake. Nevertheless, according to the Rideau Hall spokesperson, the error was immediately rectified. 

Besides the color rearrangement, the flags of Belgium and Germany look more or less the same. But as every flag is rich with history and symbolism in every aspect, what is the reason for the similarity? Read the next section of my Belgium vs Germany flag debate. 

Why Do These Countries Use Similar Flags?

Belgium Flag and Germany Flag Comparison


Looking at the immense confusion and identity crisis created by similar flags makes us wonder why these countries use identical flags in the first place.

In the case of Belgium and Germany, the underlying reason seems to be the initial unification of both states. Centuries ago, parts of Belgium, Germany, and Holland used to be ruled by one throne. Thus, they shared the same flag. 

As years passed, these states split due to cultural differences, language barriers, political and social turmoil, and war. At this point, Belgium changed its flag, but only slightly.

Following the German Confederation in the mid-1800s, the flag of Germany showed three stripes. First black, then red, and then yellow from left to right. 

Slightly different, the Belgium flag displayed black, yellow, and red stripes from left to right. The only difference was the slight displacement of the bars.

Later, Belgium changed its flag again to define it better and make it easier to distinguish from Germany’s. This time, Belgium turned its bars vert instead of the original horizontal stripes. 

It helped, if only slightly, as the Belgium vs Germany flag debate lingers on to this date, and both remain similar. Next, I have defined the individual attributes of each flag. This will give you further insight before discussing the differences in the showdown. 

The Belgium Flag

Flag of Belgium on a pole
evannovostro / Adobe Stock

If you’re interested in the history of Belgium, you’re probably eager to know, “What does the flag of Belgium look like?” or “What is the Belgium flag colors meaning?” This section will explore the unique aspects of the Belgian flag that set it apart from its German counterpart. 

The Belgium Flag

The flag of Belgium is a tricolor banner with equal vertical bands of black, yellow, and red. These Belgian flag colors do not continue German ideology as some might think. 

Instead, these three colors depict Belgium’s national colors taken from the Duchy of Brabant’s coat of arms. The flag of France inspired the vertical design. 


Belgian Flag on Belgium's Grand Place Broodhuis
GISTEL / Adobe Stock

When hoisted, the black vertical band is attached nearest to the pole. According to official Belgian protocol, the national flag is measured at a ratio of 13:15, with a 2.6m length for every 3m width. Each stripe should make up one-third of the entire flag’s width. As mentioned, the Belgian flag initially displayed a rearrangement of the German colors back in 1830. 

Later in 1831, the colors were officially recognized as symbolism from the Duchy of Brabant and arranged permanently vertically. Before this period, Belgium’s official flag underwent many changes across centuries under Holy Roman (German), Spanish, French, and Dutch rule or influence. 

After the riots at the Brussels Opera in 1830, Belgians replaced the French flag with the revolution colors and identified themselves as an independent nation. 

See Related: Day Trips from Brussels, Belgium

Official Variants

Hands holding a small Belgium flag
LALSSTOCK / Adobe Stock

Besides that, the flag has a naval variant with the three colors arranged in a diagonal cross, a black crown, a crossed cannon, and an anchor on a white ensign to be used at sea. This variant was created after the re-establishment of the Belgian Navy following WW2.

Moreover, the royal standard of Belgium is the Belgian flag, defaced with a black crown and displayed in royal palaces. Currently, it features a monogram of the letter ‘F’ for the reigning King Philippe. Before Philippe, other monarchs had similar personalized seals etched on the royal standard at their palaces. 

See Related: Best Places to Visit in Belgium

The German Flag

The German Flag

After learning the basic facts about the Belgian flag, it is time to get to the national flag of Germany. This section will answer questions like, what is the flag of flag of Belgium, or what color is the flag of Germany so you can understand the differences in the next section. 


German Flag and Reichstag in Berlin, Germany
Christian Müller / Adobe Stock

The flag is a tricolor banner with three equal horizontal bands colored black, red, and gold. Most people mistake the German flag for having yellow hues similar to the Belgian flag, but that’s not the case. 

But what do the colors on Germany’s flag mean? The black, red, and gold colors currently used belong to the 1848 revolutions held by the popular unification movements that would ultimately lead to the German Confederation and Unification.

With the formation of the German Empire, the flag was changed again, with the gold bar being exchanged for a white bar. Some flags would also be defaced with a Prussian Eagle and/or Iron Cross. With Germany’s defeat in WW1 and the formation of the Weimar Republic, Germany started using black, red, and gold flags.

After the Nazis took over in 1933, the flag would again change to the red ensign, defaced with a central white circle, bearing the black swastika tilted 45 degrees.

After the war, the black, red, and gold flags were adopted again by the Federal Republic of Germany in the West and the German Democratic Republic in the East. They were identical, save for the GDR flag featuring the emblem of East Germany: a hammer and a compass surrounded by a ring of rye.

After German reunification in 1990, West Germany’s version of the black, red, and gold banner was made the official flag of all Germany.

While the gold variant is currently known worldwide, some far-right conservative groups still use the black-white-red flag after World War II

Why? Because those colors are not forbidden or associated with any Nazi symbols, as opposed to the swastika flag, which is still illegal in Germany. Today, the black-red-gold version is the official flag of the Federal Republic of Germany and a symbol of its constitutional order. 

See Related: How Did Germany Become an Industrial Giant in the 1800s?

Official Variants

Beautiful German Woman Holding Germany's Flag
Masson / Adobe Stock

Similar to the Belgian flag, the German flag has certain variants that are used on special occasions and places. Firstly, the Civil Flag or the German Unity Flag is a plain black, red, and gold banner with horizontal lines. 

German flag with vibrant colors

It is used as the civil ensign by non-federal authorities who wish to show their allegiance to the federal government. Secondly, Germany has an individual Government Flag as well. 

This includes the Federal Shield emblazoned across the plain black-red-gold banner. The shield covers precisely one-fifth of the black and gold stripes. The federal government can only use it.

Thirdly, to enhance the confusion of the Belgium vs. Germany flag, the German flag also has a vertical variant(!). Public buildings in Germany mainly use these without any specific proportions. 


Old female teacher teaching abut Germany while holding a Germany's national flag
JackF / Adobe Stock

Article 22 of the German constitution specifies that the flag should have three equal horizontal black, red, and gold stripes. The ratio of the three bars should remain equal, while the length-width ratio should be 3:5. 

According to the exact design, the specific color scheme includes jet black, traffic red, and rapeseed yellow, which is somewhat different from the Belgian flag. 

See Related: Dog Laws in Germany

Germany Vs Belgium Flag – The Ultimate Showdown

Germany Flag on a pole
michael715 / Adobe Stock

After assessing the components of each flag individually, it is time for final Belgium vs Germany flag showdown. In this section, I have identified the multiple differences between each flag to eliminate any confusion for you in the future. 

You see, these flags are seemingly similar but are entirely different when studied in terms of appearance, proportions, and historical symbolism. Each flag depicts a different ideology, so mixing them up would be an insult to the nations to which they belong. 

So, without further ado, let’s check out the evident differences between Belgium’s and Germany’s flags. 

History and Symbolism

History and Symbolism

One of the salient aspects of any national flag is the historical heritage and ideological symbolism that backs the design. Interestingly, the flags of Belgium and Germany carry entirely different symbolic significance despite looking more or less the same. 

The Belgian black, red, and yellow vertical banners date back to the royal relationship with the Duchy of Brabant, dating back to the medieval period. They adopted these colors permanently into their national flag after the revolutions shook Europe in 1848. 

The German national colors of horizontal black, red, and gold stripes have a more contemporary significance. They are derived from the Königlich Preußisches Freikorps von Lützow during the end of the Napoleonic Wars. 

These were a group of soldiers who took up the task of liberating German-speaking states from the French. The colors are taken from the dominant colors of their uniform, which were black (known as Prussian Blue despite being ENTIRELY black) with red and gold facings. 

Parts of Belgium had belonged to the old Holy Roman Empire, much of which was becoming the new state known as Germany, which might lead some to believe that Belgium adopted these German colors for their national flag – this is a misconception.

Instead, despite its almost identical colors, the Belgian flag carries its unique symbolism. 


German Flag standing in front of the Reichstag in Germany
michael715 / Adobe Stock

While the only noticeable difference is the arrangement of these colors, the official color specifications are entirely different. 

The black stripe remains the same in both cases. However, in the case of yellow, the Belgian flag uses a different shade (#FDDA24 ) of gold, while the German flag displays a different hue (#FFCC00) of gold. 

Similarly, the shade of the red stripe on both flags is also different. The German flag has a specific shade (#FF0000), while the Belgium flag sports a slightly different red (#EF3340). 

Although this difference is not evident to the naked eye, it is present in both countries’ constitutions, eliminating the color similarity of the Belgium vs Germany flag. 


Flag of Germany
canadastock / Shutterstock

The arrangement of colored stripes is perhaps the only difference between Belgium’s and Germany’s flags that catches the eye. The color stripes are arranged vertically in the Belgian national flag, with each color covering an equal area on the banner. 

Initially, the flag sported similar horizontal lines to the German flag. The country permanently changed its design to its current state in 1831. 

The German black, red, and gold stripes are arranged horizontally. However, just like the Belgium flag, all colors take up an equal ratio of the banner. 


Driving with a German Flag Out the Window
FTiare / Shutterstock

Apart from the difference based on symbolism, color shades, and arrangement, the two flags differ regarding sizing and proportion. As specified in its constitution, the Belgian flag is almost square-shaped with a ratio of 13:15. 

On the contrary, the German flag is rectangular with a ratio of 3:5. The sizing is ignored in unofficial representations, which leads to further confusion between the two flags. 

Headlines and Controversies

Unless you’re interested in the different flags of various countries, you probably don’t know that disagreements and downright hilarious incidents about similar flags are commonplace. 

To make things interesting before getting to the Belgium flag vs Germany flag debate, here are some similar flags that have made the headlines. 

New Zealand and Australia

New Zealand and Australia Flags Comparison

Apart from the Belgian and German flags, the flags of the neighboring countries New Zealand and Australia are also eerily familiar. To the extent that New Zealand has even accused Australia of copying their flag. Also, they later considered replacing their flag to maintain a unique identity. 

Both flags are based on the British Blue Maritime Ensign, with the Union Flag defacing the upper-left corner (like many other British and former British territories), but have different numbers and colors of stars. Australia has five white stars, arrayed according to the “Southern Cross” constellation.

These stars represent the five states of Australia, and a sixth larger star represents the Commonwealth. New Zealand’s flag has four white-rimmed red stars instead, also arrayed like the “Southern Cross” constellation. It’s not enough for some onlookers to quickly tell them apart. 

Chad and Romania

Chad and Romania Flags Comparison

In 2004, the Romanian prime minister stated that the tricolor flag with yellow, blue, and orange stripes was theirs by right, appealing to the UN for intervention. Despite the severe conflict, Chad and Romania continue using the same tricolor flag. 

Ireland and The Ivory Coast

Ireland and The Ivory Coast Flags Comparison

The Republic of Ireland and the Ivory Coast also boast the same flag colors, like Belgium vs Germany’s. However, in their case, the colors are inverted from right to left. 

The Ireland flag has a green-colored stripe on the left; the Ivory Coast has it on the right. This difference became most evident when Murielle Ahoure of Ivory Coast picked up the Ireland flag when hers was missing at the IAAF World Indoor Championship. 

Poland and Indonesia

Poland and Indonesia Flags Comparison

Like Belgium’s and Germany’s flag similarities, the flags of Poland and Indonesia also bear a color resemblance but differ in their arrangement. However, during the Southeast Asian Games in Malaysia, the flag of Indonesia was printed upside down with the red banner below the white one. 

This made it look like Poland’s flag, making for a hilarious mishap during the sporting event. 

See Related: What is the Size of Germany?


Why are German and Belgian flags similar?

The German and Belgian flags are similar in design and color scheme. Both flags feature three vertical stripes, with black, yellow, and red appearing. This similarity is due to the historical and cultural ties between the two countries, as both were part of the Holy Roman Empire and later the German Confederation. Additionally, the colors hold symbolic meaning, with black representing determination, yellow representing generosity, and red representing bravery.

What is the difference between the Belgium and German flags?

The difference between the Belgium and German flags is their color and design. The Belgian flag features three vertical stripes in black, yellow, and red, while the German flag features three horizontal stripes in black, red, and gold.

The Belgian flag is sometimes called the “black, yellow, and red” or “Belgian tricolor.” In contrast, the German flag is sometimes called the “black-red-gold” or “German tricolor.”

Are Belgium and Germany similar?

Belgium and Germany share some similarities, but they also have many differences. Both countries are located in Europe and are members of the European Union. They have different official languages, with German being the primary language in Germany and Dutch and French being the primary languages in Belgium.

Their cultures and histories are also distinct, with Belgium being known for its waffles, chocolate, and beer, while Germany is known for its sausages, beer, and cars.

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