10 Best Festivals in the Philippines | Most Celebrated Festivals

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Masskara Festival dancers at Bacolod City, Philippines

Festivals are a great way to see and experience the true cultural experience of a city and culture. We evaluate the best festivals in the Philippines you need to see.

Filipinos love to party. With celebrations for almost anything you can think of, the itch to throw a fete is deeply ingrained in our culture.

Did you know that there’s a fiesta happening in the Philippines every month of the year? The country has approximately 42,000 major and minor festivals, most held at a barangay (village) level.

Travelers looking for a day of merriment, an escape from urban life, or the occasional debauchery will not be disappointed.

Most of the festivals in the Philippines are traditionally rooted in Christianity, and rightfully so. Being under Spanish colonial rule for more than 500 years has largely shaped our festival scene – from celebrating the life of Saints to honoring baby Jesus.

These festivals were instrumental in spreading Christianity throughout the locality. Other festivals are held to commemorate significant historical events or honor seasons, such as harvest seasons, or pay tribute to the survivors of a tragic earthquake.

Contrary to what you might believe, most Philippine festivals are not the quiet and meditative kind. They are often celebrated with loud music, frenzied dancing, outrageous costumes, feasts, and lots of alcohol.

To get everyone involved, peryas, or trade fairs, with make-shift temporary amusement parks, are usually set up. A variety of events can happen in a Filipino festival. Still, you can expect processions, Holy Masses, parades, exhibits, trade fairs, pageants, concerts, religious and cultural rituals, as well as plays and reenactments.

For local revelers, some of these festivals are a big thing. So important are these fiestas for some Filipinos that they mark their whole year around a particular celebration.

For example, Sinulog, a festival in Cebu held every January, draws around 2 million people annually. You must include it in your Philippines itinerary if you are traveling during this time.

Most Famous Festivals in the Philippines

The MassKara Festival in Bacolod is flocked by 3 million people annually. With thousands of fests in the Philippines, how do you know which ones are worth attending? Here’s a definitive list of the most famous festivals in the Philippines.

Sinulog Festival

Sinulog Festival

Location: Cebu City

Date: Every third week of January

What to expect:

The Sinulog Festival in Cebu City is one of the grandest festivals in the country. The famous celebration honors the Santo Nino (the Holy Child Jesus), the City’s patron saint. The Sinulog is a dance ritual that marks the Filipino’s pagan past and its transition to Christianity.

Regarding eye candy, it’s hard to beat the pomp and pageantry that happens in Sinulog. Parade participants dress in outrageous multi-colored costumes and dance to drums, native gongs, and trumpets. Streets are flanked from end to end with food and souvenir vendors, as well as onlookers raring for a glimpse of the spectacular performances.

Aside from the dancing and street parties, the Sinulog Festival also hosts the SME trade fair, where Cebu export products are sold. If you’re looking for just one festival to attend,  Sinulog should definitely be on your list.

Where to Stay

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Dinagyang Festival

Dinagyang Festival

Location: Iloilo City

Date: Every fourth weekend of January

What to expect:

If Sinulog is one of the most globally-renowned festivals in the Philippines, then Dinagyang is probably the most attended. “Dinagyang” is the Ilonggo term for merrymaking or revelry, and true to its name, the festival is one of the biggest world-class festivals in the country hosting a variety of different events. The celebration is held to once again commemorate the Santo Nino, or the Holy Child Jesus, and to celebrate the arrival of Malay settlers in the city.

There are a lot to see and a plethora of events to attend. The festival is a city-wide effort, so all schools and local institutions participate in making the event remarkable for visitors.

The most popular event is the Dagyang Tribes Dance Competition.

Here, Ilonggo tribes are smeared in body paint, present a tableau of folkloric scenarios, and parade throughout the city while dancing, donning props, and wearing outrageous costumes.

Where to Stay

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Masskara Festival

Masskara Festival

Location: Bacolod City

Date: October

What to expect:

Bacolod isn’t called the City of Smiles for no reason. People here are fun-loving, and the city’s biggest festival reflects that.

Attended by around 3 million people worldwide, the Masskara Festival is 20 days of non-stop street dancing, drinking, and merrymaking annually. The festival began in 1980 as a means of escapism during an agricultural crisis.

Masskara is derived from the Filipino word mascara, which means mask. During the festival, dancers, performers, and onlookers are all encouraged to wear a smiling mask (a nod to Bacolod being the “City of Smiles”).

Historically, the masks were Filipino-inspired, featuring ornate hand-painted details, flowers, and feathers. Today, the masks are more influenced by the Rio Carnival or the Carnival of Venice with plastic beads and sequins.

Expect a variety of events like dance competitions, parades, pageants, food festivals, concerts, garden shows, trade fairs, bugle corps competitions, and carnivals.

The Electric Masskara is one of the festival’s most popular events, featuring floats equipped with lights and music. Here are some of the best exotic street foods in the Philippines.

Where to Stay

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Ati-Atihan Festival

Ati-Atihan Festival

Location: Kalibo, Aklan

Date: The Third Sunday of January

What to expect:

The Ati-Atihan Festival in Aklan is the oldest festival in the Philippines, which has earned it the distinction of being “The Mother of all Philippine Festivals.” As the country’s first festival, the event is said to have inspired most of the Philippines’ festivals, including the Sinulog and Dinagyang.

Ati-Atihan is derived from the Ati people, who are short, dark-skinned, and frizzy-haired. Celebrated for over 800 years, the festival is held in honor of the Holy Child Jesus.

It is worthwhile to note that while the festival is pagan in origin, it was the Spanish that turned the celebration into a Christian event.

A festival is a week-long event of street parties and dancing competitions. Unlike other festivals in the Philippines, where onlookers are limited to staying on the sidelines, anyone can jump into the parade and bust a move with the performers!

Surviving Ati-Atihan is all about knowing how to save your energy. There’s lots of booze, food, and dancing, and the weeklong event can be draining for the uninitiated!

Where to Stay

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Pahiyas Festival

Pahiyas Festival

Location: Lucban, Quezon

Date: Every May 15

What to expect:

Nothing highlights Filipino creativity more than the Pahiyas Festival, an annual harvest celebration in May. The word “Pahiyas” means to decorate, a fitting name for the festival’s ultimate goal – to see which house in the neighborhood is best decorated with farm produce like vegetables, fruits, and kiping (a type of wafer made with rice and food coloring).

The festival traces back to the 15th century when farmers would display their harvests at the local church to honor their patron saint – St. Isidore the Laborer.

The priest would then bless the harvest to thank the Lord for providing them. As time passed and for convenience’s sake, farmers chose to display their harvests at their homes instead so the parish priest could visit and bless their harvests.

The modernized Pahiyas festival is less religious and more pomp and pageantry. Apart from the house decorating competition, the festival hosts contests, exhibits, parades, and various cultural shows.

All of these are aimed at putting a spotlight on Lucban’s thriving tourism industry.

Where to Stay

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Pinagbenga Festival

Pinagbenga Festival

Location: Baguio City

Date: During the Holy Week in March or April

What to expect:

In Pinagbenga, you’ll see more flowers in a day than in a lifetime. Named after the Kankanaey term “season of blooming,” the festival highlights the traditions, values, and history of Baguio and the Cordilleras.

It is also a tribute to Baguio’s thriving flower plantations and its rise from the 1990 Luzon earthquake. Lasting over a month-long, this festival is one of the longest in the Philippines. For travelers looking for Instagram-worthy photos, the festival is a feast for the eyes.

As one of the most colorful festivals in the Philippines, you can expect a plethora of vibrant flower-covered floats, lots of street dancing by dancers clothed in flower-themed costumes, and a number of exhibits featuring local products.

The Grand Street Parade, one of the festivals’ most popular highlights, is a dance and costume competition where participants dance to Cordilleran music.

Where to Stay

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Moriones Festival

Moriones Festival

Location: Marinduque

Date: During the Holy Week in March or April

What to expect:

Come to Marinduque during the Holy Week, and you’ll be surrounded by many men clad in full Roman armor, complete with breastplates, vibrantly colored tunics, imperial helmets, and spears. No, it’s not Halloween.

You’re in the Moriones Festival, a yearly religious event to commemorate the life of St. Longinus – a centurion who pierced Jesus with a spear as he was hanging on the cross.

According to the bible, Longinus’ faltering sight was healed when some of Jesus’ blood spilled into his eyes. This miracle urged him to convert, causing him to leave the army and serve as a monk in Cappadocia.

The festival’s name is derived from the word “morion” – the helmet of Roman soldiers. The Moriones is a week-long event aimed at re-enacting the search for Longinus and the “Passion of the Christ”. In the festival, throngs of men dressed as Roman military roam the streets and playfully scare children.

Though there’s not much interaction for onlookers, witnessing the reenactments is a treat. This is also the perfect time to explore Marinduque’s beaches, caves, and hot spring resorts!

Where to Stay

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Pintados-Kasadayan Festival

Pintados-Kasadayan Festival

Location: Tacloban City

Date: Every June 29

What to expect:

The Pintados-Kasadayan Festival in Tacloban is one of the most anticipated festivals in the city. It was first celebrated in 1987 to showcase the tattooed tribespeople of Leyte and Samar called the Pintados.

It’s one of the most colorful cultural-religious festivals in the country, and for travelers visiting Tacloban in June, it’s a definite inclusion to the itinerary.

The Pintados-Kasadyaan Festival features lots of street dancing where participants were vibrant costumes and ornate body paint that resembles the armor used by tribal warriors.

Apart from the parade, the festival community also hosts beauty pageants.

Where to Stay

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Sirong Festival

Sirong Festival

Location: Surigao del  Sur

Date: Every August 15

What to expect:

From vibrant warrior costumes to intricate dances, the Sirong Festival in Surigao del Sur is truly an unforgettable experience. Sirong is an ethnic mardi-gras parade aimed at reenacting the battle between Christians and Muslims.

In the history of Cantilan, early Christians led by the Spanish had to defend themselves against Muslim raids, and this is where the festival has derived inspiration.

The festival began in the Municipality of Cantilan in 2004 and was flocked to by various people from the neighboring Surigao municipalities.

The festival is essentially one big dance competition, each contingent reaching at least a hundred costumed performers. The winner takes home a huge cash prize, but if you aren’t performing, staying at the sidelines and watching the events unfold is worth the visit!

Where to Stay

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Giant Lantern Festival

Giant Lantern Festival

Location: San Fernando

Date: The weekend before Christmas Eve

What to expect:

Trust in San Fernando, the Christmas Capital of the Philippines, to throw one of the biggest Christmas-themed festivals in the country. The Giant Lantern Festival is an event that revolves around a lantern-making competition.

In this event, participants are encouraged to craft giant Christmas lanterns up to 15 feet in diameter with one rule: each lantern must be crafted from only local materials.

Residents of each barrio volunteer to contribute to its creation, from the design to sourcing its materials and providing labor.

As the years went by, the lanterns became bigger and more intricate in design. Once all lanterns have been made, they are paraded around each barrio on Christmas Eve.

Where to Stay

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How many festivals are held in the Philippines?

About 42,000 festivals are held in the Philippines, including major and minor fun festivities. These nationwide festivals celebrate to acknowledge and appreciate the Philippines’ culture and diverse beliefs.

Where are most festivals celebrated in the Philippines?

Each region in the Philippines holds fantastic festivals, and Cebu, a lovely city, celebrates the Sinulog Festival. This is the most celebrated festival, which attracts millions of tourists.

Second, Bacolod, the city of smiles, celebrates the Masskara festival. And third is Iloilo, where the colorful Dinagyang festival is mainly celebrated. These are the top 3 most celebrated festivals in the Philippines.

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Joshua Lagandaon
WRITTEN BY

Joshua Lagandaon

Joshua Lagandaon is a writer from the Philippines. He has been writing professionally for more than a decade after taking a Creative Writing degree at the Philippines' prestigious Ateneo de Manila University. He writes for local travel, fashion, and lifestyle magazines while dabbling in theater and the arts.

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