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25 Fascinating United Kingdom Nicknames to Know

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Do you find nicknames for places more interesting than their real names? If yes, here is the perfect list of United Kingdom nicknames for you.

The country is divided into many different regions, each with distinctive peculiarities. These areas have interesting nicknames based on their history, culture, and mannerisms.

London is the Big Smoke, but can you tell Polo Mint City from Chocolate City? What are UK nicknames for Cardiff, Glasgow, and Norwich?

Below, I have listed UK nicknames that give these regions their unique identity. Next time you hold up the UK map, you can locate Copperopolis, Woolopolis, and Linenopolis without much trouble.

United Kingdom Nicknames You Need to Know

Nicknames of cities spring from their official or unofficial effort to “rebrand” themselves and improve their image. Sometimes, these nicknames can end up haunting a place for years later.

While all nicknames arise from a city’s history and characteristics, some might be bizarre. Here are nicknames for all of the United Kingdom that you need to know. These include nicknames for England, Scotland, and Wales, which are much less known cities.

Nicknames for England

Old Blighty is an affectionate nickname for England that has its origins in the Boer War in Africa. The moniker became popular in Western Europe after World War I. Here are some nicknames for the UK country England.

London – The Big Smoke

Aerial View of the Tower of London with City of London
Kyle Kroeger / ViaTravelers

London, the capital city of England and the UK, has a rich history and culture. The good and bad backstories give London its interesting nicknames. The most common nickname for London is The Big Smoke, due to The Great Smog of 1952.

Harrods London

London is also known as “The Home of Big Ben” because of the Big Ben bell that hangs in the clock tower. The tower lies at the end of the Palace of Westminster.

Birmingham – Venice of the North

Boat on a Canal

Birmingham has a long industrial past, which centers around the Industrial Revolution. The city quickly adapted to industrialization, and its creative workforce specialized in various skills, which resulted in diverse production.

That’s where Birmingham gets its nickname, “City of a Thousand Trades.” “Venice of the North” is another nickname for Birmingham because of its similarity to the city of Venice in Italy and its multiple large canals, including the popular Grand Union Canal.

Brum” is the shortened version of “Brummegem,” a local form of the name Birmingham. “Brummie” comes from this moniker and refers to the area’s people and local dialect.

Manchester – Cottonpolis

Manchester Town Hall

Throughout the 19th century, Manchester was known as “Cottonpolis” due to its large cotton industry. Manchester produced around 32% of the world’s cotton during its peak.

Later, more new nicknames emerged from “Cottonpolis,” For example, when the cotton industry resulted in numerous new warehouses, the city became known as “Warehouse City.”

Newcastle – The Toon

Newcastle Nickname

Newcastle is often called “The Toon” because that’s how the locals pronounce the word ‘town.’ They also argued that this is how ‘town’ should be pronounced, regardless of your accent.

Sheffield – Steel City


Sheffield is another city with a significant industrial past. Many people call it the “Steel City,” but it is also one of Europe’s greenest places, with over two million trees across the city.

Due to its natural assets of forest, rivers, and hills, they also call Sheffield “The Green City.”

Liverpool – Pool of Life

Liverpool Nickname

Liverpool has many nicknames that center around its cultural history. The nickname “Pool of Life” is given to Carl Jung, who is thought never to have visited the city, but he saw its vision in a dream.

The city’s natives are called “Scousers,” derived from scouse, a stew dish eaten by sailors and families of seafarers.

Leeds – The Capital of the North

The approach to Leeds Railway Station, shot from the top of a nearby carpark.

In the last 20 years, Leeds transformed from a motorway city into a more vibrant city of the North. “The Capital of the North” is the fourth-most populous urban area in the UK and is counted among the major UK cities.

The Victoria Quarter in Leeds led to its nickname, “the Knightsbridge of the North.” The quarter is a sophisticated shopping arcade with big brands such as Louis Vuitton and Harvey Nicholls.

Sometimes, Leeds is called the “Gothic City” because it was the heart of the goth movement in the 80s.

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Bristol – Brizzle

Bristol Nickname

Bristol natives speak rhotic English, so you pick up a “Brizzle” accent when you spend time in the city. There is a long history behind how the locals pronounce certain words due to the rhotic accent. So much so that a “Dictionary of Bristle” was even written.

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Cambridge – City of Perspiring Dreams


The nickname “City of Perspiring Dreams” was coined by author and screenwriter Frederic Raphael in The Glittering Prizes, a British TV drama about the turning lives of a group of Cambridge students.

Silicon Fen” is another moniker for Cambridge due to its similarities to Silicon Valley in California and its closeness to The Fens. The nickname contrasts with Scotland’s Silicon Glen, which hints at manufacturing.

York – Chocolate City

York Nickname

York is the UK’s chocolate home due to the large number of chocolate factories in the city. Once, the air in the region smelled like chocolate and chocolate factories were a life source for the families.

Today, the “Chocolate City” is as influential as ever, and the city’s chocolate industry is embarking on a new journey.

Bradford – Bratford


Bradford’s nickname is “Bratford,” which is how the natives pronounce the city’s name. The large Asian community in the region gives it the name “Bradistan,” with the suffix -stan referring to most Pakistanis. Bradford has also gained the name “Curry Capital of Britain because of its rich history with curry.

Woolpolis” refers to the woolen industry in the Victorian era, much like the nickname of “Cottonpolis” for Manchester.

Nicknames for Scotland

The big cities of Scotland all have a range of nicknames adopted by various sources. The nicknames for the United Kingdom’s island country range from familiar names given by proud residents to insulting names pitched by sporting rivals.

Here are some interesting nicknames for Scotland that you need to know.

Edinburgh – Auld Reekie

Edinburgh Nickname

Edinburgh, or “Athens of the North,” has many Greek neo-classical style buildings and a reputation for learning, which recalls ancient Athens.

Auld Reekie” is another nickname given to Edinburgh by its residents, but it does not have a pleasant background.


The Princes Street Gardens used to be the “lost loch,” a place filled with stagnant waters. The coal and wood fires heated buildings, and the chimneys spewed smoke.

Thick smoke kicked up the stink of the loch, and the term “reeking” stuck with Edinburgh to the 21st century. While the name’s origins might not be the nicest, now “Auld Reekie” is an affectionate nickname for Edinburgh.

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Glasgow – Dear Green Place

Glasgow Nickname

Glasgow has the greenest spaces per capita than any other European city, including more than 90 parks and gardens. “Dear Green Place” comes from the Gaelic translation of Glasgow and hints at the best feature of the city – its parks.

From big parks to small hidden gardens, Glasgow is a green place for everyone. Glasgow Green is the oldest park in the region, a favorite of locals and tourists alike.

People believe that this park was where James Watt, the creator of the Watt steam engine, thought of a crucial idea for his steam engine.

Aberdeen – The Granite City

union street from other end

The iconic old buildings in Aberdeen are built out of granite called “The Granite City.” The Granite Mile is a long road down Aberdeen’s Union Street, a walk lined with these granite buildings. Locals take pride in these buildings and the Union Bridge, the largest single-slab granite bridge globally.

Dundee – The City of the Three J’s

Dundee Nickname

The three J’s of Dundee – jam, jute, and journalism – give it the nickname “The City of the Three J’s.”These industries were the city’s large employers and famous exports in the past. The J of jam comes from the tale of a Dundee wife who discovered marmalade using some extra oranges.

The last J exists due to the city’s widely known businessman, D.C Thomson, possibly the only one that remains. This guy was famous for his newspapers and comics and for banning Winston Churchill’s mention in his publications.

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Inverness – The Capital of the Highlands


Inverness is “The Capital of the Highlands” and a perfect getaway with its stunning northern landscape and sound transport system.

The city has the largest settlement in the Highlands and adapts to its status as the capital to boost tourism.

Nicknames for Wales

Wales, or “The Land of Castles,” has many castle ruins and other historical monuments. Every ruin and every port has a complicated historical past, which adds to the beauty of this western region.

Here are the nicknames for Wales cities and the history behind their origins.

Aberdeen – Energy Capital of Europe

Aberdeen Nickname

There have been attempts to turn the image of Aberdeen into a more “greenwashed” one and its reputation from the “Oil Capital of Europe” into the “Energy Capital of Europe.”

Aberdeen is also called the “The Granite City” due to the use of local grey granite in the city’s older buildings. The city’s natives go by “Dons,” originally a football term.

Barnsley – Tahn

Barnsley Nickname

Just like Newcastle, Barnsley also has its pronunciation of ‘town’ as “Tahn” or “Tarn.” However, with the passing of time and the emergence of younger people with neutral accents, Barnsley’s nickname is turning increasingly ironic.

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Cardiff – City of Arcades


Cardiff has the highest number of Victorian, Edwardian, and contemporary indoor shopping arcades in the UK, where it gets one of its British nicknames, “City of Arcades.”

Sometimes, people also refer to Cardiff as “The Diff,” using the last four letters of the name.

Llantrisant – The Hole with the Mint

Llantrisant Nickname

Llantrisant is a town in Wales with the nickname “The Hole with the Mint” – a play on the Polo Mints advertising slogan. The nickname is also because of The Royal Mint, a government-owned mint in the town that produces coins for the UK.

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Newport – The Port

Newport Nickname

There are several UK city nicknames for Newport, including “The Port” after the Newport Docks, a group of docks in south-east Wales. The docs have been historically useful for the city.

As the mud-laden bank of River Usk runs through the city, people also refer to the city as “Newport-on-Mud.” Newport also goes by “Black and Ambers“- a name based on the traditional colors springing from its steelworks history.

Saint Davids – The City of Saints

Saint Davids - The City of Saints 

Whitesands Bay is believed to be the birthplace of Welsh patron Saint David and his mother, where the city gets its nickname “The City of Saints.”

Since Saint Davids is also the smallest city in the UK, the UK nicknames include “Smallville,” which is a perfectly adorable way to describe it. Some locals also use “Tydd” or “Tyddew,” a shortened version of Tyddewi.

Swansea – Copperopolis

Swansea Nickname

Swansea went by the nickname “Copperopolis” in the 18th and 19th centuries for its copper production industry.

Swansea’s Tawe Valley has the natural advantages of coal and water, which drew more businessmen to develop metal factories in the region. By the 19th century, nine copper works were just outside the town.

Nicknames of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland has a rich cultural heritage and spectacular green grasslands washed by abundant rain. Some interesting nicknames include “The Emerland Isle,” “Éire “and “Róisín Dubh.”

Róisín Dubh is an old name of Ireland, which referred to the love song “Dark Rosaleen.”Here are some nicknames of Northern Ireland cities that are pretty interesting.

Belfast – Linenopolis


Like Manchester’s “Cottonopolis,” Belfast developed as a port city and marketplace for linen. That’s why we call it “Linenopolis.” Like London and other big cities, Belfast has also earned the nickname “Old Smoke.”

Derry – Stroke City

Derry Nickname

Stroke City” is a humorous nickname for Derry, which hints at the Derry/Londonderry (Derry stroke Londonderry) name dispute.

Derry is often called “The Maiden City” or “The Walled City” due to the 17th-century historical dramas played around its walls.

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