27 Most Famous Landmarks in the Czech Republic

Famous Landmarks in Czech Republic

These famous landmarks in the Czech Republic are wonders to see on your journey in Europe! It is among the country’s tourist locations that offer beauty and remarkable travel adventures.

This makes it all the more of a shame that this remarkable country, its stunning landscapes, one-of-a-kind structures, thought-provoking art, lively nightlife, delicious cuisine, phenomenal beer, incredible culture, and friendly people are commonly underrated, misunderstood, or just plain forgotten about.

For example, take the Bohemian Switzerland National Park, known by some locals as “Czech Switzerland,” which allows you to enjoy fun outdoor activities with your family or friends with the most incredible mountainous backdrop.

This is a great place to learn about some of Czechia’s native plants and wildlife. Hiking is one of the best activities here, with the glorious Czech summers being ideal for hiking in this national park.

Then there’s the Italian Court, which had a functional medieval currency with power identical to today’s Euro. Where else in Europe can you see, let alone USE, a medieval currency with the same strength and convenience as the Euro?!

The Italian Court in Kutná Hora and the Bohemian Switzerland National Park are just two of Czechia’s not-to-be-missed landmarks, and we haven’t even scratched the surface!

Most Famous Landmarks in the Czech Republic

1. Old Royal Palace

Address: Třetí nádvoří Pražského hradu 48, 119 00 Praha 1-Hradčany, Czechia

The Old Royal Palace, which dates from 1135, is one of the oldest components of Prague Castle. Initially only used by Czech princesses, the castle became the king’s palace from the 13th through the 16th century.

The stately Vladislav Hall and the Bohemian Chancellery, best known for being the site of the dramatic Defenestration of Prague in 1618, are at its heart. The late Gothic vaulted ceiling created by Benedikt Rejt is the highlight of Vladislav Hall.

Despite being about 500 years old, the vaults’ interlaced lines give off an art nouveau vibe juxtaposed by the Renaissance windows’ rectilinear shape. This spacious hall was often the setting of councils, banquets, and coronations. A Rider’s Staircase on the hall’s northern side suggests indoor jousting tournaments were also held there.

Later on, the Vladislav Hall is still used for several state functions, including the presidential elections of the Czech Republic and several other ceremonial gatherings.

The Bohemian Chancellery lies in the room on the hall’s southwestern corner, while on the eastern end is a terrace with breathtaking cityscape views. Near the Rider’s Staircase, a Renaissance-style doorway offers access to the Assembly, showcasing a stunning vaulted ceiling.

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2. Jan Palach and Jan Zajíc memorial

The memorial to Jan Palach and Jan Zajic at Wenceslas Square in Prague, Czech Republic

Address: Vinohradská, 110 00 Nové Město, Czechia

On January 16, 1969, student activist and Prague-born Jan Palach doused himself with petrol and set himself on fire in Wenceslas Square to protest against the invasion of the Soviet Union. Palach is part of a suicide pact that aimed to protest against the Soviet invasion.

Other students who were part of the pact did not push through with their sacrifice, but a month following the incident, Jan Zajic, Palach’s close friend, followed suit by burning himself to death in the same place.

While Palach’s body was originally interred in Olsany Cemetary, his remains were exhumed by the Czech secret police after his grave was turned into a national shrine.

Palach’s cremated remains were transferred to his mother in the town of Vsetaty, where he was born. On October 25, 1990, the urn containing the ashes was restored to its original location.

The square was later named for him, and a bronze cross was erected where he died. Today, tourists will find a non-descript memorial located a few meters near the fountain by the National Museum.

Created by artist Barbora Vesela and architects Jiri Vesely and Cestmir Houska, the memorial features two round mounds connected by a cross that protrudes from the pavement. The names of Jan Palach and Jan Zajic are inscribed on the left branch of the cross, along with the dates of their births and deaths.

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3. Prague Castle

The Castle of Prague

Address: Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1, Czechia

Dubbed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest coherent castle complex in the world, Prague Castle is arguably the most important cultural institution in the Czech Republic.

It is, after all, the official office of the Czech Republic President. Built-in the 9th century, this imposing UNESCO World Heritage site occupies almost 70,000 square meters.

While it’s easy to think of Prague Castle as a singular property, it is actually a castle complex composed of several buildings, including the Romanesque Basilica of St. George, Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral, gardens, defense towers, several palaces, and a monastery.

These structures feature various architectural styles. A visit to Prague Castle will have travelers gawking over cathedrals, churches, historic towers, verdant gardens, and luxurious royal palaces.

With its sheer size, exploring Prague Castle on foot may take a fair amount of time, but there are several highlights tourists should never miss. The Old Royal Palace is one of the most significant historic buildings in the complex – home to the stunning 16-century Vladislav Hall.

Other sites worth seeing are the St. Vitus Cathedral and its stunning stained glass windows, the Prague Castle Gallery and its collection of over 100 paintings, and the Basilica of St. George, the oldest religious structure in the castle complex.

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4. Old Town Bridge Tower

Tower On Charles Bridge

Address: Karlův most, 110 00 Praha 1, Czechia

Built by prominent master architect Petr Parler, the Old Town Bridge Tower is a high-gothic tower on one end of the Charles Bridge – a symbol that denotes one’s entrance to Prague’s Old Town.

Constructed as a guard tower against northern invaders under the command of Emperor Charles IV, this magnificent structure was built in 1357 after the foundation stone for Charles Bridge was laid.

While it served a military purpose, the Old Town Bridge Tower was also built as a triumphal arch through which Czech royalty would pass during coronation processions.

Swedish cannon fire severely destroyed the western part of the tower during the Thirty-Year War. This tower was also instrumental for Jewish ghetto residents and students who drove the invading Swedish army away.

While the western side suffered significant damage, the eastern side with Peter Parler’s sculptures (a statue of King Wenceslas IV and Charles IV with St. Vitus watching over them) still survives today.

On a lower floor, visitors will find St. Adalbert and St. Sigismund statues with a lion statue at their legs. For absolutely breathtaking views of Old Town, Lesser Town, the Vltava River, and Charles Bridge, visitors must climb 138 stairs to the top of the tower.

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5. Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge

Address: Karlův most, 110 00 Praha 1, Czechia

The Charles Bridge, one of Prague’s most popular tourist attractions, is a Gothic stone bridge that connects two famous Prague districts, Old Town and Lesser Town.

This marvelously designed stone bridge was once the only method of crossing the Vltava River until 1841, and as such, it was the most important connection between the city’s Old Town and Prague Castle.

Built in 1357, the Charles Bridge was commissioned by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV to replace the old Judith Bridge severely damaged by a flood in 1342. Today, the Charles Bridge is a UNESCO World Heritage Site undergoing a 20-year process of restoration and repairs that started in 2019.

This pedestrian-only bridge runs 516 meters long and 10 meters wide, with 30 statues, statuaries, medieval towers, and street lights adorning its edges. As one of Prague’s mist-visit attractions, the Charles Bridge is often crowded with tourists out for a stroll.

A fee is associated with exploring the towers on each end of the bridge. The Gothic Old Tower Bridge offers spectacular views of Prague Castle. In contrast, the Lesser Town Bridge Tower, which consists of two towers, offers breathtaking views of the historical city center and the Vltava River.

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6. Old Town Square

Historical Sights On Old Town Bridge

Address: Staroměstské nám., 110 00 Josefov, Czechia

While Prague Castle and Charles Bridge get their fair share of tourists as some of Prague’s most popular attractions, the Old Town Square with its bevy of historical sights is just as irresistible to the curious traveler.

Established in the 12 century, this sprawling square is home to some of Prague’s most iconic cultural structures. It includes the Old Town Hall, the Church of Our Lady before Tyn, the Rococo Kinsky Palace, and the Baroque Church of St. Nicholas.

The renowned Prague Astronomical Clock, often known as Orloj, is the ultimate centerpiece of Old Town Square. It’s a medieval astronomical clock in the Old Town Hall and displays the current positions of several celestial objects. The Orloj’s lower section is a calendar dial that displays the day.

The Old Town Hall is unique among town halls, as it is actually a collection of interconnected medieval structures rather than a single edifice. The Old Town Hall’s tower was built in 1364 and was the city’s highest structure.

The tower’s observation deck, available to the public, provides spectacular views over Old Town Square. Another monument, albeit not in the square itself but quite close by, is hard to miss in Old Town Square. From both sides of the plaza, the Gothic towers of the Church of Mother of God before Tyn may be seen.

These unique towers, with their distinctive tiny spires, are among the most well-known Prague sights.

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7. The Powder Tower

Powder Gate Tower In The Old Town Of Prague

Address: nám. Republiky 5, 110 00 Staré Město, Czechia

The Powder Gate Tower, a Gothic-style structure in Prague’s Old Town, is one of the city’s most recognizable emblems. The gate-cum-tower is among a group of 13 that led into the city, with a history that dates back to 1475. The Powder Gate was originally connected to the royal palace during its construction.

King Vladislav Jagellonsk relocated to Prague Castle before its construction in 1485. Still, The Powder Gate remained significant for the Bohemian monarchs who had traveled through it when heading to St. Vitus Cathedral for their coronation.

Architect Matj Rejsek designed the gate after Peter Parler’s design for the Old Town Bridge Tower, which stands at the foot of Charles Bridge.

The Powder Gate Tower was repaired and completed in pseudo-Gothic style between 1875 and 1886 by architect Josef Mocker in collaboration with notable Bohemian sculptors such as Ludvk Simekand Bohuslav Schnirch.

Since the advent of the 18th century, when the tower was utilized as a gunpowder storage location, the name Powder Gate Tower has been used.

Visitors can climb the 160 stairs of the Powder Tower for a breathtaking perspective of the city, including the New Town, Old Town, and rooftops that stretch to Prague Castle. But tourists need not venture very far if they’re looking for a photographic subject: from all aspects, the tower is also extremely attractive.

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8. Bílá věž

Address: 1, Franušova 168, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czechia

The White Tower (Bila Vez) is the city’s highest tower, rising 72 meters above Hradec Králové and holding the Czech Republic’s third-largest bell.

Tourists may obtain spectacular views of not just the roofs of Hradec Králové but also the distant peaks of the Krkonoe Mountains and Orlické Mountains from high up in its galleries.

In recent years, the tower has been revitalized with numerous exhibitions and has become a tourist destination for cultural events. On August 28, 2008, it was ceremonially re-consecrated.

The building of the White Tower on the western side of the Great Square began on June 7, 1574. The 50-meter sandstone tower took six years to build, thanks to donations and the assistance of Peclinovec Mayor Martin Cejp.

The roof was then constructed, the shape and color of which were altered numerous times. The most recent change to its form occurred in 1820, when it was raised by an additional 20 meters.

The magnificent bell called Augustin, which hangs on the 4th floor of the tower, was cast by local bell-maker Ondej Zacek in 1509.

The White Tower is also open to visitors on night tours. Visitors can try their hands at ringing the Augustin bell or watch the sunrise over the city while eating a hearty meal.

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9. Statue T.G.Masaryka 

Statue Of Thomas Garrigue Masaryk In Czech Republic

Address: T. G. Masaryka 854/25, 360 01 Karlovy Vary, Czechia

A Czechoslovak leader and academic, Thomas Garrigue Masaryk (1850–1937) led his nation to independence during World War I and served as Czechoslovakia’s first President from 1918 until 1935.

Masaryk spent some time in the United States during his younger years, most notably as a professor at the University of Chicago. Soon after Masaryk died in 1937, funds were gathered to build him a memorial.

The benefactors commissioned Albin Polásek, a prominent Czech sculptor who moved to the United States in his 20s. Polasek began work on the monument in 1941 but was unfortunately delayed due to the war.

Therefore, the monument was only cast in 1949. On May 29, 1955, the Chicago Park District officially unveiled and dedicated the memorial. Polásek designed a symbolic sculpture of an imposing Blanik knight on horseback instead of a literal image of Masaryk. Legend has it that a company of such knights slept peacefully amid Bohemia’s Blanik Mountains, only to awaken when their country was under siege.

In the heat of the ambush, St. Wenceslaus rallied the knights to deliver their people from the tyrant. This fable was seen to be a good metaphor for Masaryk’s ascent to power to free his nation and set it on its way to democracy.

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10. Liberty Square

Bullet-Shaped Statue On Freedom Square
Image by Николай Максимович / CC BY 3.0

Address: nám. Svobody 96, 602 00 Brno-střed, Czechia

Situated in Brno’s historic center is its most important square – the Freedom Square. Historical trade routes and municipal sewage dictated the square’s triangle form, Svoboák. This location was first recorded as early as the 13th century, known as the Doln trh (Lower Market) and Velké námst (Big Square).

Numerous notable structures now flank it. Tourists often photograph the House of the Lords of Lipá for its grand design. It features mythical and biblical themes on its front, as well as grapevine decoration.

Another notable cultural attraction is the Klein Palace, a Renaissance Revival structure with large cast-iron oriel windows that allude to the Klein family’s principal trade, which previously operated ironworks in Sobotin.

The Komerční bank’s functionalist exterior, designed by architect Bohuslav Fuchs, caused quite a sensation when it was built as it stuck out like a sore thumb amid its neighboring properties with historic facades.

The gleaming exterior of the Omega Palace, designed by Ladislav Kuba and Tomá Pila in 2006, also elicited similar heated emotions. The House of Four Giants is another unique building on the square. Conceived by Germano Wanderley and Alois Prastorfer in 1902, the structure is supported by four full-bodied sculptures of giants.

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11. Bohemian Switzerland National Park

Rock Formation On Bohemian Switzerland National Park

Address: Czechia

Ceské Svycarsko, also known as Bohemian Switzerland National Park, is the newest of the Czech Republic’s four national parks, as it was only established on January 1, 2000.

In the thick of its forests lies the center of a very old mountain kingdom, cut by canyons and characterized by soaring sandstone rock “cities” that rise above the wooded environment.

The region’s beauty has attracted artists and travelers for ages, including famous painters from the Romantic era like Adrian Zingg and Anton Graff.

Charmed by its stunning environment, these artists were among the first who initially compared it to faraway Switzerland. However, they weren’t the region’s first visitors as Mesolithic hunters settled in the area even earlier, with villages dating back over 10,000 years.

The Bohemian Switzerland National Park, situated by the Elbe River, is actually part of a bigger region called the Elbe Sandstones. The park’s highest point is Růžovský vrch, which towers 2,030 feet, while its lowest point (and the entire nation’s) is 374 feet in the depths of the Elbe Canyon. The park is flanked by the Saxon Switzerland National Park in Germany.

Incredible rock formations like the Pravická brána, Europe’s biggest sandstone rock arch, may be found in Bohemian Switzerland. The arch, which the park considers its official symbol, is 52 feet high and 26 feet broad.

There is a special type of rock called Fire Rock, a sun-shaped sphere of rock unique to the park. This rock is thought to have been formed by powerful lightning strikes.

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12. Karlštejn Castle

Aerial View Of Karlštejn Castle

Address: 267 18 Karlštejn, Czechia

Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Sacred Roman Emperor, constructed Karlštejn Castle in 1348 as his private house and a place to safeguard his royal valuables, particularly his vast assemblage of Imperial Crown Jewels and various holy relics.

For the first time in 1355, Charles IV spent his nights here, supervising the building and decorative work. The castle building was finally completed when the Chapel of the Holy Cross in the Great Tower was dedicated in 1365.

Until 1419, Charles IV and his son Wenceslas IV used the castle as their official home. Still, apart from being a place of residence, the castle functioned as a stronghold that defended crown jewels, saintly relics, and the royal archives.

Since its construction, the castle has never been privately owned, as it was always in the hands of a ruler or a public institution. Today, the castle is held by the government. Rebuilt in late Gothic style after 1480, the castle was reborn as a Renaissance structure by the mid-to-late 16th century.

The current appearance visitors see was achieved during its final renovation towards the end of the 19th century, thanks to architect Josef Mocker’s efforts.

A castle tour leads visitors through several highlights, including 129 paintings by Master Theodoric in the Chapel of the Holy Cross, the biggest portrait gallery of the Czech Republic’s Bohemian kings, and a remarkable castle well. The castle is also notable for being the setting of Jaroslav Vrchlick’s comic piece Night at Karlštejn Castle.

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13. Dancing House

The Dancing House in Prague

Address: Jiráskovo nám. 1981/6, 120 00 Nové Město, Czechia

The Nationale-Nederlanden building on Ran’s riverside in Prague, Czech Republic, is known as the Dancing House, or Fred and Ginger for some of Prague’s locals. It is a notable attraction in town.

It was built on an empty riverside site by architect Vlado Miluni in collaboration with famous Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry. The structure, which now functions as a hotel, was finished in 1996 after being planned in 1992.

The house’s unconventional design sparked debate during the year it was built, as it stuck out like a sore thumb amid Prague’s famed Baroque, Gothic, and Art Nouveau structures.

Critics argue that the building’s style does not fit in with the more traditional styles surrounding it. However, former Czech President Václav Havel, who had lived near the site for decades, enthusiastically backed the project.

He anticipated that the structure would become a bustling cultural center. Architect Frank Gehry originally named the building ‘Fred and Ginger’, a nod to renowned dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers.

While he thought the name was fitting as the house resembled a couple of dancers, he eventually changed his mind as he feared the thought of bringing an American Hollywood kitsch to Prague.

Due to its unique form, the building’s style is deconstructivist architecture. The “dancing” design is supported by 99 concrete panels, each unique in size and shape. A huge twisted metal structure known as Medusa sits atop the construction.

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14. Trojský zámek

Trojský zámek

Address: U Trojského zámku 4/1, 171 00 Praha 7, Czechia

Troja Castle is one of Prague’s most prominent landmarks, viewable from several of the city’s most well-known towers, including the Petrin Lookout Tower and the Great South Tower of Prague’s St Vitus Cathedral.

The Palace, erected for the Counts of Sternberg in the late 17th century, is one of the greatest specimens of Baroque-era Prague architecture. The castle’s main architect was Jean-Baptiste Mathey, and the style was heavily influenced by French and Italian Baroque.

The beautiful main hall is adorned with murals by Dutch artists Abraham and Izak Godin, portraying the defeat of Ottoman Turkish soldiers near Vienna in 1683.

Two Dresden sculptors, Johann Georg, and Paul Heermann, created the steps between the palace and the gardens. Here, several statues depict a battle between giants and gods.

The garden’s center axis points towards the spires of Prague Castle’s St. Vitus Cathedral. The Czechoslovak state purchased the palace in 1922 and began restoration work in the 1970s.

Since this time, the castle has hosted an exhibition of nineteenth-century Czech paintings by Antonin Chittussi, Josef Ermák, Mikolá Ale, Václav Brok, Jan Preisler, and Julius Maák.

After crossing the Vltava River from Troja Palace, you’ll arrive at Stromvka Park, which is home to a variety of trees, ponds, lovely flowerbeds, and some historic structures.

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15. Prague Astronomical Clock

Prague Astronomical Clock

Address: Staroměstské nám. 1, 110 00 Josefov, Czechia

The Prague Astronomical Clock in Prague’s Old Town Square is the oldest working astronomical clock in the world. An impressive mechanism that’s way ahead of its time, this medieval clock is one of Prague’s most popular tourist attractions, and rightfully so.

With a dark history that began in the fifteenth century, the Prague Astronomical Clock holds an interesting backstory that intrigues locals and tourists alike.

It is said that the clock was made by a mad clockmaker who ended his life by throwing himself into the gears, cursing the clock and anyone attempting to fix it. While its dark origins are most likely the stuff of urban legends, Prague’s Astronomical Clock is still impressive, considering it was built in 1380.

The mechanism features four moving automatons as well as rotating figurines of the 12 apostles. Moving statues representing vanity, greed, and death also appear at intervals.

The technological work of wonder also displays German time, Babylonian Time, Sidereal time, Bohemian time, the moon’s various phases, and the sun’s journey through various zodiac constellations. A calendar dial located below the clock shows the day of the week, the day of the month, and feast days.

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16. Loket Castle

Loket Castle

Address: Zámecká 67, 357 33 Loket, Czechia

Loket Castle, an exceptional example of Gothic architecture and historical attractions, is located near the renowned spa resort of Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad or Karlsbad). It is an ideal destination to add to your vacation plan.

A porcelain museum, an archeology display, and a museum of torture equipment are on the premises. The castle of Loket was built in the second part of the 12th century. It was given a Gothic makeover from the 1250s until the 1420s after being erected in Romanesque.

Even now, visitors can witness several Romanesque features, including the rotunda, which was only uncovered until 1966. The castle has a long and illustrious history. Queen Eliska Premyslovna was briefly imprisoned here, along with Prince Vaclav and her three-year-old son.

A few years later, Prince Vaclav was dubbed Emperor Charles IV and was once imprisoned here throughout his reign. Even so, he didn’t fear the castle and still chose to spend a night there. Look for Gottstein’s tiny statue in the former jail cells and torture room. Gottstein is a bearded gnome-like figure with a club hanging behind his back.

According to an inscription on the premises, he is considered the lord of the Loket cliffs, rocks, and the underworld. Tradition states that touching the top of Gottstein’s beard, leaving some money, and wishing for anything nice would grant the request.

However, if a person touches the club hanging on his back and thinks of something nefarious, Gottstein will punish him within a year.

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17. The Vrtba Garden

The Vrtba Garden

Address: Karmelitská 25, 118 00 Malá Strana, Czechia

Located in the Mala Strana section of Prague on the slope of Petrin Hill is Vrtba Garden – one of the capital city’s most beautiful Baroque gardens. In 1998, this exquisitely manicured garden was opened to the public after eight years of remodeling.

The garden is steeply on a hill with three terraced platforms connected with staircases. The lowest floral terrace adorned with a beautiful circular fountain in the middle dates back to 1720.

On the left side, The magnificent Sala Terrana houses Cerere and Bacchus statues by Matyas Bernard Braun, paintings by Vaclav Vavrinec Reiner, and stucco by Tommaso Soldati.

The middle terrace is embellished with vases and statues of various ancient gods, including Jupiter, Mercury, Diana, Vulcan, and Minerva. The topmost terrace, which features the most distinctive design, features a pavilion with a stunning view of Prague Castle and its rooftops.

In 1985, the public was not allowed to enter the garden due to its disrepair. It was only in 1998 that the garden was fully renovated, with buildings and foliage reconstructed.

Today, it’s one of the most stunning Baroque gardens in Europe and the world, and as such, it is a popular location to take stunning wedding photos.

18. The Konopiste Castle

Aerial View of Konopiste Castle, Czech Republic
Michal / Adobe Stock

Address: 256 01 Benešov, Czechia

The spectacular four-winged, three-story Konopiste Castle is located in the charming town of Beneov, at Konopit 256 01. Established in 1294, the stunning castle-château of Konopit is most famous for being the final official residence of the Austrian Archduke and Franz Ferdinand before his assassination in 1914, which would trigger the devastating First World War. The bullet that killed him is on display at this magnificent castle.

In no small amount of irony, one of the major attractions and highlights to observe at the Konopiste Castle is the Archduke and his heir’s remarkable collection of hunting weapons and trophies.

Four-hour guided tours of the castle interiors, including the Franz Ferdinand d’Este family rooms, are offered, where visitors can admire original furnishings and essential art collections that have been preserved.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand transformed the extensive Konopiste Castle baroque gardens into a manicured park towards the nineteenth century, featuring an English-style Rose Garden and conservatories with various tropical and subtropical species of flora. There is also a one-of-a-kind cork pavilion.

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19. Krkonoše National Park

Waterfall at Krkonoše National Park
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Czechia

Krkonoe National Park (also known as Krkonoe Mountains National Park) covers the Liberec and Hradec Králové regions and is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site. It is one of the most popular natural landmarks in Czechia.

The Krkonoše National Park is the highest mountain range in the northeast of Czechia, known for its sandstone ridges, high peat bogs, lush green meadows, and deep blue lakes. The park has a range of flora and fauna unique to this part of the country.

Founded in 1963, Krkonoe National Park preserves glacial peaks and Alpine rolling greens. Several rare boreal-Arctic wildlife, namely the Alpine shrew, were also kept and protected by the park.

Aside from the natural preservation and nature escapade Krkonoše National Park offers, it also has an amazing ski resort to enjoy winter sports and activities amidst the Czechian countryside.

The park borders Karkonosze National Park in Poland. It provides spectacular and picturesque views of mountains and greens in Czechia’s northeastern neighbor. The park is ideal for family getaway adventures and a brilliant group travel idea for those seeking a memorable and fun experience in the wilderness.

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20. St. Barbara’s Cathedral

The Cathedral of St Barbara in Kutna Hora, Czech Republic, Europe.
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Barborská, 284 01 Kutná Hora, Czechia

This church, located in the lovely town of Kutná Hora, provides breathtaking vistas of the town and the surrounding countryside from St. Barbara’s Cathedral and Corpus Christi Chapel. The Cathedral of St. Barbara is a masterpiece of the Late Gothic era and is now one of Prague’s remaining four cathedral-type monuments.

The Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady is also listed with this cathedral on the UNESCO Heritage list, as well as the St. John the Baptist and Kutná Hora’s historical center. This is a great area to enjoy a more relaxed outing. Throughout the day, soak up the sun’s rays while admiring the magnificent frescoes and the cathedral’s stained glass beauty.

Admiring the baroque furnishings in this stunning environment and exploring the nooks and crannies around the church area are among the most gratifying things to do when visiting St. Barbara’s Cathedral.

Printed guides and tickets are distributed on individual tours of the church. It’s a wonderful experience to go inside alone or with your family.

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21. Podyjí National Park

Sprawling Trees and Gorge of Podyji National Park
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Czechia

The fascinating Podyji National Park in Moravia’s southwest covers densely wooded terrain. It is one of the finest parks in Czechia to explore and enjoy a fantastic adventure.

Podyj National Park is the perfect place to go if you’re looking for green space. Spectacular scenery, including a sweeping river and stone amphitheaters, attracts people and families from around the world to spend an outdoor holiday in this beautiful park.

It is a destination to engage in a variety of outdoor activities with family and friends. The park is a popular walking and biking destination that passes through an area famed for its vineyards and gherkins.

Podyj National Park is close to Lednice-Valtice Park, a fantastic spot to visit before or after admiring the grandeur of this superb park. One of the most prominent features of Lednice-Valtice Park is its Baroque castle, which houses a chapel and the captivating Church of the Ascension.

Another attraction near the national park is Pálava, an exciting site known for its exceptional archaeological sites on display.

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22. Strahov Monastery

Aerial Panorama from the Strahov Monastery

Address: Strahovské nádvoří 1/132, 118 00 Praha 1-Strahov, Czechia

Do you enjoy reading or have a passion for literature? Strahov Monastery is a Premonstratensian monastery and library built in 1143 by Bishop John of Prague, Jindich Zdk, and Vladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia.

The Premonstratensian monastic library in Strahov is one of the world’s most significant and well-preserved medieval libraries. Its collection contains over 200,000 volumes.

The monastery’s main attractions are the Theological Hall and the Philosophers’ Hall at Strahov Monastery. The Baroque Theological Hall is a remarkable venue, still used for concerts, chamber music, and recitals.

Siard Noseck and Anton Maulbertsch’s ceiling murals at the Strahov Monastery are breathtaking. After examining the abbey’s beauty, food is served at the monastery’s brewery. The central Classicist vaults of the Philosophical Hall can be found here. They are two stories tall and were erected in 1794.

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23. The Royal Garden

The Royal Garden in Prague, Czech Republic
Kyle Kroeger / ViaTravelers

Address: Pražský hrad, Hradčany, 119 08 Praha 1, Czechia

Looking for a more relaxed history and heritage site to tour in Czechia? The Renaissance-era Royal Garden is one of the most tranquil and beautiful spots in the heart of Prague. This green oasis was planted in the former location of ancient medieval vineyards under the instruction of Habsburg monarch Ferdinand I.

The park became well-known for its rare botanical species and exotic plants acquired from foreign lands. For centuries, the Royal Garden was inaccessible to the public and reserved just for the sovereign, the royal family, and favored court members.

Today, the concealed garden is one of Czechia’s finest tourist attractions and public spaces. The park is conveniently located near other beautiful sights and places in Prague, including the Saint Vitus Cathedral, Pretrin’s Hill Eiffel Tower, and the Lobkowicz Palace Museum, making it a great part of a day trip around the city.

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24. Sedlec Ossuary

Interior of the Sedlec Ossuary, Czechia
mitzo_bs / Adobe Stock

Address: Zámecká, 284 03 Kutná Hora, Czechia

When looking for a scenic, peaceful, and creepy destination in one package, the incredible Sedlec Ossuary is among the most unique travel experiences in Hora, Czechia.

This enchanting Roman Catholic chapel, built in a Gothic style, can be seen under the Church of All Saints cemetery. The Gothic church is also part of the former monastery in Sedlec.

From the church’s outside, all seems ordinary, but descend into its basement to discover something quite eerie.

This underground chapel features a chandelier made purely from bone and garlands of human skeletal remains. Vast numbers of human bones have been bleached and ornately crafted and now cover everything in the chapel.

It is estimated that between 40,000 to 70,00 skeletons are adorned in the chapel. On the left side of the chandelier, you’ll see a coat of arms made of the Schwarzenberg family’s bones, the Czech family that once governed the town. Creepy!

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25. State Castle and Chateau Český Krumlov

Water Reflection of State Castle and Chateau Cesky Krumlov
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Zámek 59, 381 01 Český Krumlov, Czechia

The Vtkovci family, the chief branch of the powerful Bohemian Rosenburg line, built the first castle on this site in 1240. The castle is the perfect day out for families and groups of travelers.

Aside from the castle interiors, which may be viewed through two sightseeing itineraries, the complex includes meeting areas and informative programs for kids. The complete historical complex of State Castle and Chateau Český Krumlov was placed on the UNESCO World Cultural and is a Czechain Natural Heritage site.

Some highlights of the castle are its view of the Vltava River, well-preserved halls, the Bear Moat, the revolving auditorium added in 1959, and the jaw-dropping 3-tiered Cloak Bridge.

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26. Italian Court

Gothic St. Jacob Church and the Italian Court in Czechia
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Havlíčkovo nám. 552/1, 284 01 Kutná Hora, Czechia

This historical landmark in Kutná Hora is among the coolest attractions in towns not to overlook when staying in Czechia. It is a national cultural monument established in 1962. Currency is king at this place and in more ways than one!

This incredible attraction comprises a town hall, palace, Gothic-style chapel, coin minting exhibits, and more. The royal chapel in the court incorporates the delights of Gothic architectural elements with the masterpieces of art-nouveau mosaics.

While visiting the Italian Court, you can trade Euros in for a replica medieval currency used in historical Bohemia, with the same spending power and convenience as the present Euro, that can be used in the Court on a variety of souvenirs, including handmade replicas of medieval coins minted in the court, publications on medieval minting, memory stamps, and other collectibles.

Learning about the origins of the American dollar and medieval political decisions that shaped European history are among the highlights of this beautiful must-see destination.

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27. St. George’s Basilica

St. George's Basilica at Dusk, Prague, Czechia
Source: Adobe Stock

Address: Hradčany, 119 08 Prague 1, Czechia

Prague’s oldest surviving church structure is St. George’s Basilica, the second church constructed in Prague Castle. Vratislaus I of Bohemia founded the Basilica in 920 as a monument of worship to honor Saint George.

This is one of the few areas left from the original 10th-century church. The Basilica is the eternal resting place of many of Bohemia’s most revered religious and ruling elite. The tombs of the ruling Premyslid dynasty are located in the central nave.

St. George’s Basilica is worth seeing for its triple nave and massive Romanesque apse and the crypt or chapel of the Virgin Mary, for whom the stone walls withstood a devastating medieval fire.

You need a valid ticket for the Prague Castle small or big circuit tour to see St. George’s Basilica. Individual and group tours are available to those interested in a detailed history of the Basilica.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What landmarks are in the Czech Republic?

Here is a list of landmarks in Czechia: Charles Bridge, Prague Castle, Old Town Square, and the Astronomical clock on Old Town Square.

Also, the Wenceslas Square and Powder Tower symbolize Prague’s architectural identity (also used to mark the time before entering or leaving the city’s gates… There are legends that an evil dragon lives deep inside.)

Other Landmark Guides

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Kyle Kroeger
WRITTEN BY

Kyle Kroeger

Kyle Kroeger is the Founder and Owner of ViaTravelers.com. He is a full-time traveler and entrepreneur. Kyle started ViaTravelers.com to help travelers experience a fully immersive cultural experience as he did initially living in Italy. He's a converted finance nerd and Excel jockey turned world wanderer (and may try to get lost on purpose). After visiting 12 countries and 13 national parks in a year, he was devoted to creating and telling stories like he'd heard.

Plus, after spending more time on airplanes and packing, he's learned some incredible travel hacks over time as he earned over 1 million Chase Ultimate Rewards points in under a year, helping him maximize experiences as much as possible to discover the true meaning of travel.

He loves listening to local stories from around the world and sharing his experiences traveling the globe. He loves travel so much that he moved from his hometown of Minneapolis to Amsterdam with his small family to travel Europe full-time. Read more about his portfolio of work.