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If you’re traveling through France and want to see a beautifully preserved Gothic cathedral, look no further than the Notre Dame de Strasbourg.
This cathedral is one of the most important examples of French Gothic architecture from the Middle Ages in Europe. It has been expanded and restored many times since its construction in 1239 but remains remarkably well-preserved.
The cathedral is in Strasbourg, in the Alsace region in northeastern France. The city is near the German border and has a strong German influence. The Notre Dame de Strasbourg (or Strasbourg Cathedral) is a must-see for anyone interested in French history or architecture.
- About the Strasbourg Cathedral
- What to Look For Inside the Strasbourg Cathedral
- What is the address of Strasbourg Cathedral?
- How can I get to Strasbourg Cathedral?
- What are the opening hours of Strasbourg Cathedral?
- Is there an admission fee to enter Strasbourg Cathedral?
- Best Tours of the Strasbourg Cathedral
- History of the Strasbourg Cathedral
- Strasbourg Cathedral Interior
- Rose Window
- Astronomical Clock
- Cathedral Tower
- Tourist Attractions Near the Strasbourg Cathedral
- Final Thoughts
- What is the history of Strasbourg Cathedral?
- How tall is Strasbourg Cathedral?
- What are some of the notable features of Strasbourg Cathedral?
- Are there any special events or activities at Strasbourg Cathedral?
About the Strasbourg Cathedral
The Roman Catholic Cathedral of Notre Dame de Strasbourg is regarded as one of Europe’s most beautiful Gothic cathedrals. The present structure, built in the mid-12th Century, replaced a Roman temple that formerly stood on a tiny hill above the area’s marshy ground.
What to Look For Inside the Strasbourg Cathedral
Strasbourg Cathedral is a stunning example of medieval architecture, and its white facade is truly a sight to behold. The facade’s color can shift based on the time of day or the amount of light, and the thousands of ornamented sculptures and figures that decorate the front are breathtaking.
The elongated portals filled with statues and religious scenes mainly lure the viewer in, and the 466-foot-tall tower is an impressive sight to see.
The octagonal north tower abutting the facade is also a beautiful detail, and it’s no wonder this monument is one of France‘s most iconic sites. Strasbourg Cathedral is definitely worth a visit, especially during the summer months when the city attracts the most visitors.
What is the address of Strasbourg Cathedral?
The address of Strasbourg Cathedral is Place de la Cathédrale, 67000 Strasbourg, France.
How can I get to Strasbourg Cathedral?
The best way to get to Strasbourg Cathedral is by public transportation. The cathedral is just a few minutes from the Gare de Strasbourg train station, and several tram and bus lines also stop nearby.
What are the opening hours of Strasbourg Cathedral?
The cathedral is open daily from 7:30 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. (with extended hours in the summer).
Is there an admission fee to enter Strasbourg Cathedral?
No, there is no admission fee to enter the cathedral. However, there is a charge for specific events and activities, such as guided tours and climbing to the top of one of the towers.
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Best Tours of the Strasbourg Cathedral
If you want to learn more about this fascinating cathedral and delicate marvel, consider taking a guided tour. Tours are available in English and French and last about an hour. These are a few of the best Strasbourg Cathedral tours.
- Strasbourg Architectural Small-Group: Walking Guided Tour with a Local
- Strasbourg Historical Center: Private Walking Tour
History of the Strasbourg Cathedral
In 1015, Bishop Werner von Habsburg ordered the construction of a new cathedral to replace the existing one, which a fire had severely damaged. The new building, completed in 1049, was consecrated by Pope Leo IX.
The gothic architectural style had reached Alsace by the time the Cathedral was being repaired at the end of the 12th Century (this time using red stones brought from the neighboring Vosges mountains), and the future Cathedral began to develop complete gothic aesthetics.
The proposal for Alsace’s first Cathedral was given to craftsmen and stonemasons who had previously built on Chartres’ famed gothic Cathedral.
The local prince bishop first funded the Cathedral, but following his death, the municipal bourgeoisie took up the project. Due to a shortage of funds, residents also contributed to the construction with individual donations.
Erwin von Steinbach was chosen to organize the entire operation in 1284. He intended to offer money for the church’s construction, but he gave his horse instead because he was impoverished!
Von Steinbach envisioned and created the Cathedral’s spectacular west front and major entrance. By the time he died, construction had advanced significantly; the rose window, as well as his towers, were nearing completion.
Ulrich von Ensingen, the architect of Ulm’s Cathedral, oversaw the construction of the octagonal base of the spire in 1399, which Johannes Hültz of Köln finished after his death and quickly became the icon of Strasbourg.
The Strasbourg Cathedral was the tallest structure in the contemporary world for the following four centuries, thanks to the height of its 142m Tower. It was also distinctive because it was one of the few Gothic cathedrals with only one Tower.
The Cathedral was converted into a Protestant church in 1521 as part of the Protestant Reformation. The Cathedral was returned to the Catholics in 1681 after Strasbourg’s absorption into France and was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The Cathedral is a significant entry to Gothic architectural history.
The façade of the southern crossbar is decorated with the remarkable Pillar of the Angels, added between 1230 and 1250. While preceding façades were almost likely designed before being built, Strasbourg features one of the oldest façades whose construction would be impossible without a drawing.
The Prophets, the Wise, Mad Virgins, and the Virtues and Vices are shown in the church’s sculptures, which date from the 13th to the 15th Century and are positioned above the triple gateway of the Gothic façade.
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Strasbourg Cathedral Interior
Inside, there is a high Gothic-styled baptistery built by Dotzinger in 1453, a splendid pulpit embellished with several statuettes sculpted by Hans Hammer in 1485, the Mount of Olives in the northern transept by Nicolas Roeder in 1498, and a middle-age St. Lawrence’s doorway. Many other treasures can be found in the Strasbourg Cathedral.
More than 4,600 stained-glass windows from the 12th, 13th, and 14th Centuries make up this magnificent collection. The roundness of the earth, sun, and moon is reflected in the Great Rose Window masterwork, which represents God’s gaze over his creations.
Historically, the stained glass window was used to help folks who couldn’t read understand the bible stories preached from the pulpit.
In the south transept, erected between 1255 and 1320, a statue of Saint Louis is in repose. He has slippers that symbolize humility because they recall his death. Above him, the vaulted ceiling depicts Christ’s ascension to heaven after being killed by crucifixion.
The pulpit of Our Lady of Strasbourg (also known as the Cathedral), built out of white sandstone in 1486 and carved with beautiful sculptures, is one of the Cathedral’s most amazing examples of Gothic architecture and fine art.
The North transept of the Cathedral, completed in the 1500s, also has an early Renaissance style and contains the above beautiful, complex, and detailed baptismal font by Jost Dotzinger. Most of the Cathedral’s original statues have been relocated to a local museum for preservation purposes.
Also worthy of note is the Strasbourg Cathedral organ. The presence of an organ has been documented since 1260. The original organ was added in 1291 and 1327 before being rebuilt in 1489 – the earliest parts of the current organ casing date from 1385. The bird’s nest was constructed at about the same time.
It’s hung from the wall by a massive vertical oak beam that leads down to Samson’s statue. Other sculptured sights here include the legendary Rohraffe (or weeping monkey), the city herald standing on either side of the organ, and the lion beneath it, all of which have moving parts.
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Now, the thing that many visitors love the most is the Strasbourg Astronomical Clock. It was designed by a group of painters, sculptors, watchmakers, and mathematicians and dates from 1842.
It is not the first astronomical clock to decorate the Cathedral – it replaced the original, built between 1352 and 1354, which ran until the beginning of the 16th Century.
The current clock has a perpetual calendar and planetary dial, as well as representations of the sun and moon’s positions, including eclipses. The procession of Christ and the Apostles, which takes place when the clock chimes, is the highlight of the clock for tourists.
According to legend, the guy who created the Strasbourg Cathedral clock was to be blinded so that he could never build anything as incredible again. It’s hardly very Christian, and nobody knows for sure if this happened, but it makes for an exciting narrative.
For around 750 years, the Pillar of Angels, a depiction of the Last Judgement, has stood before the clock. Within this pillar, you’ll see four evangelists with symbols etched underneath them and four angels blowing their horns to raise the dead to Heaven above them.
Three additional angels and Christ on his celestial throne are then above these angels. During the spring and fall equinoxes, one of the most fascinating sights within the Cathedral occurs.
A green beam of light travels from one window to the crucifix over the pulpit, where it lands on the head of Christ. The green hue originates from Judas’ shoe in another window, only visible on a sunny day.
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Now let’s talk about the most striking feature of the Notre Dame de Strasbourg. We are talking about the North Tower, the world’s tallest building for several centuries.
Take the spiral staircase to enjoy stunning vistas of the Rhine and its surroundings. The climb is challenging because the steps are narrow and irregular, though the views over the Rhine Valley, Black Forest, Vosges Mountains, and European Parliament are well worth it.
The fact that Strasbourg Cathedral’s south tower, a second tower, was designed but never erected is one of the cathedral’s most intriguing and mysterious characteristics. The famed solitary tower constructed was nearly demolished during the French Revolution due to anti-religious sentiments within the revolutionary ranks.
To save the tower, a local locksmith devised a great plan to cover the tower with a massive metal Phrygian cap. Luckily, the revolutionaries lost interest, and the bell tower was saved.
The Strasbourg Cathedral was damaged by bombings in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 and again during World War II in 1944, but both times it was restored to its former glory.
The best views of the magnificent old church are found outside of it, and I urge you to delve into its foundations. From the corner of Rue Mercière and Place de la Cathédrale in Strasbourg, you can enjoy the best views of the Notre Dame de Strasbourg.
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Tourist Attractions Near the Strasbourg Cathedral
Other relevant sites include the Musée de l’Oeuvre Notre-Dame, which administers the Cathedral’s conservation and care, located across from the Cathedral. The Museum also has the Strasbourg Cathedral’s original artwork, sculptures, and tapestries, replaced by replicas in the Strasbourg Cathedral.
The Palais Rohan, near the Cathedral, is regarded as one of the most remarkable specimens of French Baroque architecture and was formerly the residence of the Bishops and Cardinals of Strasbourg.
There are also several museums, such as the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art and the Strasbourg History Museum. If you’re looking for something to do outdoors, you can take a walk or bike ride along the Ill River or visit one of the city’s parks, such as Kehlstein Park or Parc de l’Orangerie.
Oh, and one last thing, do try to visit Strasbourg during winter as you will also be able to see the famous Christmas market held around the Strasbourg Cathedral every year.
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If you’re ever in Strasbourg, be sure to visit Strasbourg Cathedral. It’s an amazing building from the Middle Ages that will leave you speechless. It’s well worth your time. After touring the inside, walk around the exterior and enjoy the view of the city from atop the hill.
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What is the history of Strasbourg Cathedral?
Strasbourg Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Strasbourg, France. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Strasbourg and one of Europe’s finest examples of Gothic architecture. The cathedral was completed in 1439 and has been on the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1988.
How tall is Strasbourg Cathedral?
The cathedral is 142 meters (466 ft) long, 86.9 meters (285 ft) wide at its widest point, and its towers are approximately 91 meters (299 ft) tall.
What are some of the notable features of Strasbourg Cathedral?
Some notable features of the cathedral include its many stained glass windows (including the famous “Rose Window”), its astronomical clock, and its pipe organ, one of the largest in Europe.
Are there any special events or activities at Strasbourg Cathedral?
Yes, there are often special events and activities at the cathedral. For example, from mid-November to late December, the cathedral is decorated with a large Christmas market.
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- About the Author
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Kyle Kroeger is the Founder and Owner of ViaTravelers.com. He is a full-time traveler and entrepreneur. Kyle started ViaTravelers.com to help travelers experience a fully immersive cultural experience as he did initially living in Italy. He’s a converted finance nerd and Excel jockey turned world wanderer (and may try to get lost on purpose). After visiting 12 countries and 13 national parks in a year, he was devoted to creating and telling stories like he’d heard.
Plus, after spending more time on airplanes and packing, he’s learned some incredible travel hacks over time as he earned over 1 million Chase Ultimate Rewards points in under a year, helping him maximize experiences as much as possible to discover the true meaning of travel.
He loves listening to local stories from around the world and sharing his experiences traveling the globe. He loves travel so much that he moved from his hometown of Minneapolis to Amsterdam with his small family to travel Europe full-time.
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