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Warsaw vs Krakow: What’s Better?

Deciding whether to visit Warsaw vs Krakow? Check out our guide to the differences between Poland’s two largest cities.

I breathed a sigh of relief as I left the train station and emerged into the brisk nighttime air. The Palace of Culture and Science’s bright lights appeared before me.

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The purple and blue of the high-rise buildings guided me toward my apartment and let me know I had nearly made it home.

The Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, Poland at night, lit up in purple.

Or at least to my temporary summer home in Warsaw, Poland. Living in Warsaw for three months, that is what the city had become—a home. I loved the thrill of traveling all over Europe and exploring different cities within Poland.

But, whenever I made it back to Warsaw, I just felt an instant sense of comfort. Nowhere else I visited in or out of Poland during my travels gave me the same feeling.

Yet, upon returning to the United States, I was shocked to learn that Americans talk more about the city of Krakow. To me, Warsaw was the place to think about first and foremost.

Naturally, I’m a little biased, having spent time living there. Everyone is a little bit biased towards a place where they spend more time. So, what are the key differences between the two largest cities in Poland? Here are some things to know to make a well-informed decision on where to travel.

Warsaw vs Krakow Comparison

The History of Warsaw vs Krakow

The Old Town of Warsaw, Poland, completely rebuilt after World War II.

Warsaw was over 90 percent destroyed during World War II. What you see today in Warsaw is an Old Town that was rebuilt using pictures of the former town to replicate the town as closely as possible. There is also a modern city that was rebuilt during Communism and the years following.

However, Krakow is one of the few Polish cities not destroyed during World War II. The General Government declared Krakow as their capital during World War II. Krakow became a territory governed by Nazi Germany.

This allowed the city to escape the damage that was the fate of most other cities in Poland. The architecture in Krakow has been preserved for centuries and is the original building.

The Old Town of Krakow, Poland, preserved from before World War II.

Both cities have plenty of history to learn about—the history is on every street. It is simply a question of whether you would rather experience history in a place reproduced to look like an original or whether you want to walk the streets with a view of buildings that witnessed the history themselves.

While Warsaw is the capital of Poland today, at different points in history Krakow was the capital. Unsurprisingly, there are so many reasons to visit both cities—both have been centers of academic, economic, and cultural life.

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Warsaw vs Krakow Population

Map of Poland, showing the two largest cities, Warsaw (Warszawa) and Krakow.

Warsaw has a population of approximately 1.8 million residents. It is the only city in all of Poland to have over a million residents. The population of Krakow is approximately 770,000 residents. This means Warsaw is over twice as large as Krakow in population.

Like many large cities, business people and students make up a good percentage of the population of Warsaw. Krakow, however, is Poland’s most popular tourist destination—no wonder Americans speak more often about Krakow than Warsaw.

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Warsaw vs Krakow Size

Warsaw is by far the largest city in all of Poland in terms of its space. The city is spread out and covers 199.71 square miles.

Krakow is more compact and smaller, but extremely tourist-friendly. The city covers 126.3 square miles. Even though Krakow is smaller than Warsaw, it is still the second-largest city in Poland.

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Food Comparison in the Two Cities

The front of a Wedel Pijalnia, a chocolate cafe in Warsaw, Poland.

As an international city, Warsaw has every type of restaurant you could possibly want—Indian food, Italian food, Chinese food, and, yes, Polish food. From breakfast to dinner, if you are a picky eater, Warsaw will not fail to provide you with something to eat.

The food scene in Warsaw is very receptive to newer forms of eating—there are many vegetarian and vegan restaurants throughout the city.

For any chocoholics, Warsaw is home to a Polish candy company. Wedel Pijalnia’s, essentially cafes focusing on the chocolate dot the entire city—do I need to say more than that?

If you want to try local food unique to Poland, Krakow will attract your attention. Krakow has a broader range of Polish cuisine than Warsaw, where international flavors often get mixed in. Obwarzanek krakowski is one of the specialties of Krakow. Street stalls sell food items everywhere in the city.

A braided, ring-shaped bread that is boiled and sprinkled with a topping such as salt or poppy seeds, it resembles a bagel on the outside but tastes like a soft pretzel.

Obwarzanek krakowski is best when eaten fresh out of the oven. They only last a few hours before getting stale—but they make for the perfect snack on the way to and from locations.

Obwarzanek krakowski with poppy seeds, a classic Krakow street food.

Warsaw and Krakow have traditional milk bars, and cafeterias where you can get an entire meal of Polish food cheaply.

As long as you don’t care what food you are served, milk bars are a fun experience–the people who work at milk bars usually do not speak English.

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Entertainment and Night Life

Warsaw and Krakow have plenty of museums and castles to keep you busy for days. Warsaw is home to famous museums such as the Warsaw Uprising Museum, the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, and the Copernicus Science Centre.

A hidden gem of the city: the rooftop garden above the University of Warsaw library…a great place to escape city life while maintaining the city views.

Check out these other top things to do in Warsaw.

When comparing Warsaw vs Krakow, one thing certainly stands out: the University of Warsaw library rooftop garden.

Additionally, Warsaw has tons of green spaces. Lazienki Park is the most well-known place to hang out for fresh air. This is the largest park in Warsaw and has acres of green land and is where you can visit the Royal Castle.

Krakow has museums such as the ones inside the Wawel Royal Castle, Oskar Schindler’s Enamel Factory Museum, and a number of museums inside pre-World War II synagogues.

Planty Park surrounds the Old Town of Krakow and is a nice place to sit and people-watch. Check out these other top things to do in Krakow.

In the Warsaw vs Krakow comparison, castles are a tie since both cities have many castles. This is Wawel Royal Castle in Krakow, Poland.

While Warsaw’s Old Town is not the place to go for a night out since it is usually quite late in the evenings, Krakow is famous for its unique, old cellar bars and clubs right in the center of the historic Jewish district, Kazimierz.

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Train in Poland

Warsaw and Krakow both have international airports. Both cities are extremely walkable. Getting around Warsaw and Krakow is very easy. Although Warsaw is certainly walkable, there are definitely places farther out in the city that will require you to take public transportation.

Warsaw’s public transportation system consists of multiple options: buses, trams, and a metro. Make sure to validate your ticket right while on public transportation to avoid a fine.

On the other hand, in Krakow, most of the main tourist locations you will want to visit won’t be far from one another.

Krakow’s public transportation system consists of buses and a tram, there is no underground metro, but you don’t need it anyways. You can get by an entire visit in Krakow without ever using public transportation.

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Overall, no matter where in Poland you go, Poland is an extremely cheap and affordable travel destination. You will quickly notice how far the American dollar can take you in Poland. One of the reasons Poland is so affordable is that Poland uses its currency called Zloty, and does not use the EU’s standard currency of the Euro.

Due to Warsaw being a cosmopolitan city, Krakow is the cheaper of the two cities. (It is all relative, however, considering how cheap Poland is).

The prices at restaurants and hostels might be slightly higher in Warsaw than in Krakow–maybe one dollar more expensive. In the summertime, you won’t find much cost difference between the two cities.

When choosing which city to travel to, I wouldn’t worry much about which location is cheaper. There is not much of a difference in pricing between Warsaw and Krakow. You will be astonished at how cheap you can get a good quality meal in both cities.

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Living in Warsaw vs Krakow

St. Mary's Church at Sunset in Krakow, Poland
eunikas / Adobe Stock

So you have decided that vacationing is not enough for you. You are going to move to Poland. Where you live ultimately depends on the scene you want to be surrounded by daily and nightly.

If you like an urban setting, you will feel most at home in Warsaw. But, if you prefer the charm of a smaller (but still pretty big) town, then Krakow may be the place for you.

While Warsaw is more of a business city, Krakow has more of a cultural feel. But since Krakow is filled with tourists, if you prefer living without the rush of tourists, then Warsaw may be a better place to live.

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Warsaw might always be one of my homes, but next time I’m in Krakow, I’m certainly excited to spend more time there and give the city a better chance.

Both cities have so much to offer. If you can, rather than decide between the two, you are better off just visiting both cities. The narrative of the country feels incomplete without learning about both locations.

You can travel from one city to another in 2.5-3 hours via train. But if you don’t have the time and must choose between the two cities, hopefully, this guide will help you figure out which city is more for you.

There are unique components to both Warsaw and Krakow. Deciding where to travel ultimately comes down to what you hope to see and get out of your trip.

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