15 Interesting Geography Facts About Germany

Germany Flag on a Boat

Geography facts about Germany are interesting, but geography is hard. We all know that geography can be tough to learn, but it’s also important for understanding the world around us. Luckily, there are a lot of geography facts about Germany that are easy to remember and fun to learn!

Geography is a subject that few people find interesting, but geography facts about Germany are not boring. In fact, geography can be one of the most fascinating subjects in school if taught correctly.

Germany is an incredible country with a rich history (more good than bad… believe it or not) and culture. We came across a comedic video that is also packed full of tons of interesting facts about Germany. Some are trivial, some not trivial.

Geography in Germany

Germany’s geography is one of the most fascinating features of it. The terrain in Germany is varied, with mountains, lakes, rivers, plains, and forests. German geography has had a significant influence on the country’s development throughout time.

Since at least 10,000 BC, Europeans have inhabited what is now Germany, moving from Siberia to Poland. This movement consisted of nomadic herders who would later settle in countries to the east.

The geography of Germany has influenced the economy for a long time. Germany is a country that its geography has shaped. For centuries, people have lived in the area and made their living from it by fishing on rivers and seas.

German geography is interesting because it has many types of geographical features. There are mountains, lakes, rivers, plains and forests.

Where is Germany? – Germany map

Germany map colored by states

The Zugspitze is the highest mountain in Germany and has a total altitude of 3,935 m at its peak. The highest mountain in Germany is the Gugspitz Peak. It is one of Germany’s best attractions.

Alternatively, you may take a cable car to the top of the mountain and enjoy spectacular views of the Alps as well as the picturesque countryside.

Take a look at some of these breathtaking panoramic vistas. Germany is in the center of Europe and shares borders with nine other countries, including Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg and Belgium.

History of Germany: From the Weimar Republic to Today

Welcome Sign in Germany Saying Wilkommen

In 1919, the Weimar Republic was built as a democratic state, but slowly, Germany began experiencing economic and cultural issues. By 1929, the government was losing much of its stability as the world entered a period of depression.

The National Socialists were growing in strength by 1932 when Adolf Hitler’s NSD Party was founded. The Nazi Party soon established a political organization and refrained from persecuting the Jewish community.

In addition to The Holocaust, Nazi governmental policies and enlargement measures eventually led to World War II. This later destroyed Germany’s political structure, economy, and social system.

In 1945, Germany was divided by communist and democratic powers as the Cold War began. Germany was originally planned to be governed as a single unit, but Soviet policies rapidly took hold in eastern Germany.

The geography of Germany has been shaped over time by those who have inhabited it – from nomadic herders to its post-war division.

East and West Germany were divided by the Berlin Wall in the aftermath of World War II up until 1990. The geography of these two countries is in stark contrast to one another, with East Germany being poorer.

West Germany was occupied by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States, while the Soviet Union occupied East Germany. Remnants of the Berlin Wall still exist in Berlin. Today’s Germany is a modernized democracy considered a major economic powerhouse in Europe and Europe’s richest country.

It is one of the largest exporters in the world, and its economy is heavily based on exports as compared to other European countries. Its economic geography has contributed to its modernized culture, which has given way to a largely service-based industry.

Government of Germany

The country’s name, the Federal Republic of Germany, is derived from the Latin word Germania. It has a bicameral parliament comprising the Federal Council and the Federal Diet.

There are 16 states for local government in this country. The German Constitutional Court, established under the Constitution of Germany, and the State Constitutional Law Court are federal courts.

There is a state commander, Germany’s presidential representative, and a government chief known as the chancellor.

Geography Facts About Germany

Here are some quick facts about Germany that are interesting but also important if you’re studying geography or history.

  • Area: 357,022 sq km (137,847 sq mi)
  • Language: German (official and most widely spoken), Austro-Bavarian dialects (Czech orally by a native minority; Sorbian oral and written by a native minority; Danish, Low German preferred or Vistula delta Silesian; and Romani widely used
  • Population: 83.24 million (2020)
  • Religion: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3%
  • Climate: temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind.
  • Germany Capital: Berlin
  • Berlin Population: 3.645 million (2019)
  • German Flag Colors: The colors of the flag of Germany, according to Article 22 of the German Basic Law, are black, red, and gold.

Now that we’ve outlined the important details about the Federal Republic of Germany, let’s get into some fun facts.

Interesting Geography Facts About Germany

15 Interesting Germany Geography Facts You Need to Know

  1. “Germany’s highest mountain, Zugspitze, is 9,718 feet high.”
  2. “Germany has a population of about 80 million people.”
  3. “In 1965, the capital of West Germany was moved from Frankfurt to Bonn. In 1990 the capital was again changed back to Berlin.”
  4. “In 1946 there were 12 independent states in Germany.”
  5. “The world’s largest inland port is the Port of Hamburg with a water surface area of 650 km² (250 sq mi).”
  6. “Frankfurt is the financial capital of Germany.”
  7. “Germany became a united country in 1871 under Bismarck, the Chancellor of the North German Confederation.”
  8. “50% of Germany is covered by forests.”
  9. “The first motorway was built in 1931 between Cologne and Bonn.”
  10. “Germany has the second-highest number of women in senior management positions.”
  11. “Approximately 80% of the country is flat. About 25% is used for agriculture.”
  12. “The Rhine River flows through Germany.”
  13. “German is the official language in Germany and Austria, but there are many other minority languages spoken, including Turkish.”
  14. “Germany has an ocean coastline of 7,770 km (4,825 mi) with the North Sea to the east and the Baltic Sea to the north.”
  15. “The Deutsches Museum in Munich is one of the most famous science museums in Europe. It contains 14 exhibition halls with 300,000 exhibits.”

Germany is a European country with important geographical facts because it helps us understand how it came to be. Geography has influenced our history as humans. It is fun and surprising! We can use this knowledge to help other countries that need help, like refugees fleeing war-torn countries.

The largest country in the European Union makes up just over 1/4 of Central Europe and is home to major metropolitan cities and many rivers and lakes.

See Related: Germany Flag vs Belgium Flag

Other Interesting Germany Facts to Know

Beyond geography, there are many things to know about the Federal Republic of Germany.

Facts about German people

Facts About Germany

This European country is well-known for its illustrious poets, such as Albert Einstein, from the era of early writers. Germans enjoy going to museums, concerts, and theaters.

Germany’s famous composers include Hans Zimmer, Ludwig von Beethoven, and Johannes Brahms, among many others. The most popular sports in Germany are football, tennis, and swimming.

The German national premier soccer league, the Bundesliga, is well-known, and Bayern Munich and Borussia Dortmund are popular among non-German speakers.

Sebastian Vettel (Formula 1), Bastian Schweinsteiger (soccer), Anna Schaffelhuber, and Felix Neureuther (ski) are frequently preferred by German speakers. Most of their athletes are more likely to be recognized in Germany.

See Related: Things to Do in Dortmund, Germany

Facts about German Food

German people enjoy consuming the bread created using wheat and rye flour. The main exporters of German cuisine are sauerkraut sausages and brezel. Germans eat Potatoes frequently, but pasta dishes are also well-liked, especially among the younger generations.

Vegetarian dishes are available in all eateries, and several restaurants offer meat-based alternatives. Schweinebraten (roasted pork knuckles) or Schweinsbraten (roasted pig’s knuckles) are well-known in Southern Germany, but Rinderbraten is more popular in Northern Germany.

See Related: Famous Historical Landmarks in Hamburg


How is geography different in Germany?

Germany is in Western and Central Europe. The geography of Germany is mostly low-lying plains, the upland regions of the Bavarian and Ore Mountains mountain ranges- the country’s main geographic features. Many rivers are running across its geography.

The most important river is the Rhine, which forms the boundary between France and Germany. The climate of Germany is varied, with warm summers and cold winters.

What geographical facts are there about the Federal Republic of Germany?

One fun geographical fact about Germany is its dense network of motorway autobahns. In the US, there are roughly 4 million miles of roads, whereas in Germany, they have around 46,000+ miles of roads (8% more than the US).

Another geographical fact about Germany is its coastline on three seas: the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the northeast and its south, along with Lake Constance.

Watch the video created by the incredibly popular “Geography Now” below.

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Kyle Kroeger

Kyle Kroeger

Kyle Kroeger is the Founder and Owner of ViaTravelers.com. He is a full-time traveler and entrepreneur. Kyle started ViaTravelers.com to help travelers experience a fully immersive cultural experience as he did initially living in Italy. He's a converted finance nerd and Excel jockey turned world wanderer (and may try to get lost on purpose). After visiting 12 countries and 13 national parks in a year, he was devoted to creating and telling stories like he'd heard.

Plus, after spending more time on airplanes and packing, he's learned some incredible travel hacks over time as he earned over 1 million Chase Ultimate Rewards points in under a year, helping him maximize experiences as much as possible to discover the true meaning of travel.

He loves listening to local stories from around the world and sharing his experiences traveling the globe. He loves travel so much that he moved from his hometown of Minneapolis to Amsterdam with his small family to travel Europe full-time. Read more about his portfolio of work.

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