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14 Most Famous Historical Landmarks in Munich, Germany

14 Most Famous Historical Landmarks in Munich, Germany

This article will take a look at some of the most famous landmarks in Munich, Germany.

Munich is one of the country’s sixteen federal states and the capital city of Bavaria. Situated on the banks of River Isar in southern Germany, it is home to about 1.5 million people.

It has been said that “to live well” means living close to Munich because there are many cultural landmarks here including museums, libraries, and theaters which make for an interesting place to live or visit.

The landmarks may be categorized as follows: castles, churches, and monasteries; public buildings; historical sites; parks and gardens; bridges and canals; memorials and cemeteries.

These landmarks all have significance in terms of culture, architecture, and history.

Historical Landmarks in Munich, Germany

1. Nymphenburg Palace

Nymphenburg Palace

Nymphenburg Palace is a Baroque palace that was a summer residence of the kings from Bavaria to serve as a hunting lodge and pleasure palace.

It sits on an area of 20 hectares in the northern part of Munich which originally housed a hunting box for Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria.

The palace was extended throughout the years to accommodate more rooms for parties and representation, especially during the reign of Elector Ferdinand Maria who has a fascination with Italian culture.

The Nymphenburg Palace is known for its abundance of white statues, fountains, cascades, and footbridges which are landmarks in their own right.

It was badly damaged during World War II but you can still see it today in all its beauty with the added attractions of a museum, galleries, and facilities for children.

The palace has been built on different levels that represent life during the early years of the 18th century which were not only about hunting but also about developing new types of gardens to surprise guests.

It has been a landmark that represents the Bavarian history, culture, and art which makes it a must-see for visitors and travelers alike. This has one of the best parks in Munich to visit as well as an excellent palace.

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2. Wieskirche

Wieskirche, Munich

Wieskirche, meaning Church in the Meadow, is a Baroque pilgrimage church near Steingaden which was built from 1745 to 1754 by the brothers Dominikus and Johann Baptist Zimmermann.

It is a popular tourist attraction with around one million visitors each year who go to see its famous acoustics, pilgrimage, and Baroque architecture.

It was once considered “the most beautiful pilgrimage church in Germany” and was even included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.

It is a stone church with three naves and Baroque domes which were built to represent the suffering of the mid-17th century during the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) when it was under Habsburg rule.

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3. Bavarian National Museum

Bavarian National Museum

The Bavarian National Museum, also known as the Bavarian State Archaeological Collection, is one of the oldest and best known museums in Munich which exhibits a large collection of antiquities from all over Europe.

It has been lauded for its quality and comprehensiveness that you will not find anywhere else.

The museum started out as a royal art collection by King Maximilian II in the mid-19th century and grew to become a general museum of cultural history.

The Bavarian National Museum contains many landmarks such as the famous prehistoric “animal style” jewelry, Neolithic pots from Troy (Turkey), and stone axes from the Bronze Age (2500-500 BC).

It is not only known for its rich collections but also for its notable landmarks which have been instrumental in cultural development.

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4. St Peter’s Church

Top of the St Peter's Church in Munich

St Peter’s Church, or Peterskirche, sits on a hill overlooking the River Isar in Munich and is one of the oldest churches in the city dating back to 823 AD.

The church was originally built as a monastery for Benedictine monks who came from Ireland and England to preach Christian belief. It is a popular site for tourists which also includes landmarks such as:

Peterskirche has been around since 823 AD and it was named after Saint Peter who was Bishop of Regensburg. The church had undergone several changes in architecture which means that it does not follow one particular style.

Despite the changes, Peterskirche stands as a Gothic church with Romanesque foundations and landmarks such as its four towers which were added during the mid-18th century.

The bronze door of St Peter’s was made in 1460 and its crypts date back to medieval times.

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5. Munich Zoo

Giraffe in Munich Zoo

The Munich Zoo was founded in 1911 and is called Hellabrunn Zoo. The zoo has a size of 40 hectares and houses some 1,500 animals from all over the world.

The artistic design of the zoo allows the animals to be kept close to nature. It is visited by about 1.2 million visitors a year.

The Munich Zoo is open from 8.00 am to 17.30 pm.

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6. Augustiner Beer Garden

The Augustiner beer garden is located in the green area Au-Haidhausen. It was founded in 1807 and has a size of 20 000 square meters. On warm summer days about 30 000 people come here to enjoy the sun, the food and, of course, the good beer.

The Augustiner beer garden is located in the green area Au-Haidhausen. It was founded in 1807 and has a size of 20 000 square meters. On warm summer days about 30 000 people come here to enjoy the sun, the food and, of course, the good beer.

See Related: Best Breweries in Munich, Germany

7. The Bavaria Statue

The Bavaria Statue

The 18-meter high copper-plated bronze figure shows King Ludwig I on his horse. The monument was made in honor of the 30th anniversary of his reign and was built from the income of a fund that had been opened for this purpose.

It was cast at the Royal Foundry in Munich and stood originally on a double-stepped plinth. The monument was unveiled on October 18, 1840, in presence of King Ludwig I.

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8. Bavaria Film Studios

Located at a 15-minute drive from the city center, this film studio was founded in Geiselgasteig in 1917 and has hosted thousands of productions over the years. It is well known for its highly acclaimed comedies.

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9. Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site

Gate of the Concentration Camp Memorial Site in Dachau

The memorial site was the first concentration camp of WWII. It was built in March 1933 by the Nazis. It served as mass imprisonment for political opponents.

In October 1933 Camp Commandant Theodor Eicke imposed brutal camp regulations for prisoners. On 29 April 1945, the camp was liberated by American forces.

Today, it is a memorial to those who suffered there.

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10. Pasinger Marienplatz

Marienplatz Plaza in Munich

This plaza is one of Munich’s landmarks. It is surrounded by many half-timbered houses and the oldest church in Pasing – St. Peter and Paul dating back to the 13th century can also be found right next to this plaza.

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11. Rathaus-Glockenspiel

Rathaus-Glockenspiel

This clock plays every day at 11 a.m., 1 p.m., and 5 p.m. It contains 43 bells and 32 figures.

The Munich Philharmonic Orchestra performs the Glockenspiel music piece in front of an audience of 120 people including children from all over the world who are invited to take part daily.

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12. The Hofbrauhaus

The Hofbrauhaus in Munich, Germany

This is one of the landmarks most known around the world. It was founded in 1589 and its ambiance has remained unchanged since 1920 when it began hosting political events.

The Hofbräuhaus is one of the few breweries with an original recipe for brewing beer that has been passed down through generations.

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13. The Munich Residenz

Murals in The Munich Residenz

This was the former royal palace of Bavaria which is situated in the city center. Construction began under Duke Wilhelm V (1550–1579) in 1553 after the original plans by Giulio Parigi, but most of it dates to the 18th century.

One of the most important landmarks is the Cuvilliés Theatre built by François de Cuvilliés in 1751.

See Related: Most Famous HIstorical Landmarks in Germany

14. Dojo Friedensreich Hundertwasser

This Dojo was built by the famous Austrian artist Hundertwasser who had settled to live in Munich. It is one of his landmarks located at Prinzregentenstraße in the district of Milbertshofen-Am Hart.

It is a two stories high building with approx. 1350 m² of floor space, which was built according to the model of Japanese temples.

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Conclusion

When you visit landmarks in Munich, it’s worth taking a tour of the Bavaria Film Studios and exploring how these landmarks have been used as filming locations for many popular movies.

You may also want to spend some time at the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site which is an important reminder of one of the darkest periods in our history.

If you’re looking for something with more entertainment value, make sure not to miss out on The Hofbrauhaus or Dojo Friedensreich Hundertwasser!

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