Many world citizens don’t know the difference between Holland and the Netherlands. Some think they’re interchangeable terms, while others may only be partially correct in their understanding. Meanwhile, the Dutch government refers to itself only as the Netherlands.
So, where does the term ‘Holland’ come from? Together, we’ll explore all you need to know about the difference between Holland and the Netherlands and how you can travel through northwestern Europe without confusing the two.
But to do so properly, we must take a brief trip back in time. Without further ado, here is the difference between Holland and the Netherlands.
What We Cover
- Holland vs Netherlands Map & An Overview
- A Short History of Holland and the Netherlands
- North Holland (Noord-Holland)
- South Holland (Zuid-Holland)
- The Netherlands’ Other 10 Provinces
- North Brabant
- Where does the confusion between Holland and the Netherlands come from?
- Holland and the Netherlands: Safety
- Holland and the Netherlands: Transportation
- Holland and the Netherlands: Lodging
- Hotels in Holland and the Netherlands
- Hostels in Holland and the Netherlands
- Airbnb in Holland and the Netherlands
- Holland and the Netherlands: Food
- Holland and the Netherlands: Weather, Climate, and Terrain
- Holland and the Netherlands: Travel Tips
- What’s the difference between Holland, Amsterdam, and the Netherlands?
Holland vs Netherlands Map & An Overview
As detailed above, the Netherlands consists of twelve different provinces within the country’s borders. The two provinces in the Netherlands that makeup Holland — North Holland (Noord-Holland) and South Holland (Zuid-Holland) — are the most popular for international travel.
A common misunderstanding about Holland and the Netherlands is the location of Holland within the Netherlands. Many people believe them to be separate countries, and others believe them to be the same thing, which we now know is not the case.
A Short History of Holland and the Netherlands
Between 1588 and 1795, the area representing the Netherlands today was the Republic of Seven United Netherlands. It came to be when a part of the Netherlands separated from Spanish rule after the Eighty Years’ War or the Dutch War of Independence.
The Eighty Years’ War was a revolt against King Philip II of Spain by the Seventeen Provinces of the modern-day Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the French region of Hauts-de-France.
The Seven United Netherlands consisted of The Duchy of Guelders, the County of Holland, the County of Zeeland, The Lordship of Utrecht, The Lordship of Overijssel, The Lordship of Frisia, and The Lordship of Groningen and Ommelanden. The areas of the Seven United Netherlands each had their independent governments and functioned separately at that time.
The Seven United Netherlands controlled world trade, had a large colonial empire and had the largest fleet of ships used in commerce and trade. During this time, Holland was among the wealthiest nations.
In 1795, the area was conquered by French troops and became known as the Batavian Republic. In 1806, Napoleon appointed his brother Louis king, and the country became a kingdom.
After Napoleon Bonaparte’s defeat in 1815, William VI came into power as the Sovereign Prince. William VI arrived in Scheveningen in 1813, and two years later, in 1815, the Kingdom of the Netherlands was born. The kingdom consisted of the Batavian Republic, the Austrian Netherlands, and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège.
When the Kingdom of Netherlands existed, it included Belgium in its territories. During this time, the area known as Holland made the most significant contributions to the country’s economy and wealth. In time, Holland became the name used to discern the entire country, partly due to its power and influence.
Then, in 1830, Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, and the map of the Kingdom of the Netherlands was redrawn, creating the country as we know it today.
The Netherlands comprises twelve provinces: Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe, Overijssel, Flevoland, Gelderland, Utrecht, Noord-Holland (North Holland), Zuid-Holland (South Holland), Zeeland, North Brabant, and Limburg.
The present-day King of the Netherlands is King Willem-Alexander, formally known as His Majesty King Willem-Alexander. King Willem-Alexander is married to Queen Máxima, and they share Crown Princess Amalia, Princess Alexia, and Princess Ariane. King Willem-Alexander succeeded to the throne on April 30, 2013.
See Related: Things to Do in Volendam, Netherlands
Holland is a region and former province in the Netherlands, now comprised of North Holland and South Holland, known as Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland, respectively. From the 10th to the 16th century, Holland was one unified entity. By the 17th century, it was the dominant part of the Dutch Republic.
Nowadays, if you were to say you were traveling to Holland, by default, you would also be traveling to the Netherlands because Holland is two provinces among the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. The two provinces of Holland are where most of the population of the Netherlands lives.
North Holland (Noord-Holland)
North Holland’s largest city, and the largest city in the Netherlands, is the Dutch capital, Amsterdam. World citizens revere Amsterdam for its artistic heritage, iconic narrow houses, the famous Museum District, thrilling canals, friendly locals, and many tasty delicacies.
Amsterdam is the most popular city in North Holland (and the Netherlands), with over 20 million tourists visiting in 2019. You can stay in this city for days, weeks, or even months and still find so many sights and sounds to experience.
At the top of our list is Rijksmuseum, the largest and most visited art museum in the Netherlands. Its collection includes 15th-century paintings by Flemish and Dutch artists, including Rembrandt and Vermeer. The museum offers fabulous dining at a Michelin-starred restaurant, outdoor gardens, and many impressive art exhibits.
Anne Frank House is the biographical museum dedicated to Anne Frank, the Jewish wartime diarist from WWII. Easily the most visited museum in the North Holland province, Anne Frank House draws crowds by the thousands to experience where she hid with her family.
Other attractions worth seeing in Amsterdam and around include the Van Gogh Museum and any of the many nearby cheese markets. Many tourists find the best way to explore the city and experience the culture is through a walking tour by a local. If you’re eager to explore the city’s elaborate canal system, a canal cruise by day or night is a memorable experience.
The Dutch countryside can be explored if you prefer to experience a day or two outside of Amsterdam. Explore the fishing village of Volendam and the iconic windmills of Zaanse Schans. You can embark on a guided day tour of Volendam, Edam, and Zaanse Schans from Amsterdam, as the cities are all close.
Another popular city in North Holland is Haarlem, less than 30 minutes from Amsterdam by train. Explore the Saint Bavo Church and 16th-century homes as you immerse yourself in the medieval city.
Experiencing Haarlem by boat cruise is ideal and will introduce you to the main features of the city, including the town hall, Teylers Museum, Haarlem Central Station, and much more. There’s so much art and architecture to experience in Haarlem.
Alkmaar is home to many impressive popular cheese markets in North Holland and is the Netherlands’ cheese capital. Taste the most delicious cheese in the city with a local as your tour guide. Outside the city limits, Alkmaar also has many tulip fields to witness.
A springtime bike tour is the best way to experience the beautiful, colorful bulbs and to see much of the countryside. For a comfortable stay near the city center in Alkmaar, travelers love The Fallon Hotel. For a quieter stay in Alkmaar, try the Golden Tulip Hotel on the city’s outskirts.
Volendam is located on Markermeer Lake, northeast of Amsterdam. The quaint town is known for its colorful wooden houses and boat harbor, featuring many old boats and food vendors. The Volendam Museum presents guests with a look at traditional Dutch costumes and information on historical interiors from around the country.
The Palingsound Museum in Volendam takes visitors on a 100-year history lesson on the local music scene and how it’s shaped the Netherlands. For a 4-star hotel stay in the rural city of Volendam, check out Van der Valk Hotel. The hotel property sits on a small lake, has an indoor pool for guests, and is 15 minutes from the center of Amsterdam.
Zaandam is located on the river Zaan and is north of Amsterdam in North Holland. Zaandam is home to Zaanse Schans, a popular neighborhood with a rich Dutch history, including historic windmills and green wooden houses unique to the twelve provinces.
Experiencing Zaanse Schans is best done via a guided tour. You’ll explore a local clog and cheese factory and experience many spectacular views of the Zaan River and numerous windmills. For easy access to the train station and an authentic Dutch experience, book a stay at the Inntel Hotels Amsterdam Zaandam.
Catch the train nearby Zaandam Station to bustling Amsterdam and arrive in 12 minutes. Hoorn is a town in the Dutch province of North Holland and sits on Lake IJsselmeer, north of Amsterdam. Hoorn’s popular attractions include the Museum of the 20th Century, with artifacts, technologies, and exhibits from 1900 to 1980.
Experience Hoorn by boat to witness 16th-century warehouses and 17th-century boat replicas as you cruise the harbor. If you’re traveling with your partner, Heavens Hotel in Hoorn is a popular choice for couples in the Netherlands.
See Related: Things to Do in Utrecht, Netherlands
South Holland (Zuid-Holland)
If you’re visiting South Holland specifically, there are quite a few attractions that will keep you entertained and enthralled by the magic of this mighty province in the wonderful country of the Netherlands.
The Hague is South Holland’s capital and the third largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam (also in South Holland). It’s located on the North Sea coast of the western Netherlands in Zuid-Holland and is the workplace of King Willem Alexander in the 16th-century Noordeinde Palace. The Hague is the Netherlands’ administrative center and home to the Dutch government seat.
The Hague is considered by many to be the greenest city in the Netherlands. The coastal town offers many tours and exciting sights, including beautiful beaches, public parks, and opportunities to experience Dutch culture, food, and art.
Take a local-guided food tour to experience bakeries, pubs, and cafes that are locally owned and popular favorites for residents. Enjoy a custom walking tour to experience the sights and landmarks that are most interesting.
Ride on the Ferris wheel at the famous Pier in Scheveningen, or climb the iconic lighthouse. The Mauritshuis Museum in The Hague is home to The Girl with a Pearl Earring. Try the Park Centraal Den Haag for a convenient stay in The Hague near the city center.
In Rotterdam, you’ll find an impressive Market Hall, where you can shop for local produce and food from over 100 food stalls, eight restaurants, and 15 shops. Market Hall is located in Europe’s largest glass-window cable structure, making it a must-see attraction for visitors.
If you’re feeling adventurous, see Rotterdam by bike on this highly-rated cycling tour. The Port of Rotterdam is Europe’s largest seaport, while Rotterdam is home to over 180 nationalities. It’s quite the melting pot in the Netherlands!
You can’t miss the Erasmusbrug Bridge, one of the city’s most notable landmarks. Nicknamed “The Swan,” this stunning city icon links north and south Rotterdam across the New Meuse River. Experience the city by boat on a guided tour of the harbor. Explore the unique cube houses in residential neighborhoods and Rotterdam’s breathtaking skyscrapers.
Visitors will want to witness the Church of St. Lawrence in Rotterdam, the city’s last remaining building of medieval times. The church was built between 1449 and 1525 and has withstood the test of time and several wars and has stood as a relic for many generations.
Don’t miss a stop at the Maritime Museum to learn about the history of shipping, see historic port models, and discover the harbor city’s impact on the twelve provinces and the world. For a restful stay in the heart of Rotterdam, try the citizenM Rotterdam hotel. It offers shared living areas and subway access for guests.
Lisse is rich in Dutch history and is located in Zuid-Holland. Lisse is well known for its beautiful flower fields and millions of bulbs exported worldwide. Keukenhof Gardens is a breathtaking spring garden in Lisse that draws in millions of visitors each spring. Nearly 7 million bulbs are planted annually, creating a visually stunning landscape of red, yellow, pink, and white tulips.
Kasteel Keukenhof in Lisse is a grand, 17th-century restored mansion welcoming guests to explore the property and enjoy the many hiking trails. Lisse is filled with biking and walking paths for locals and tourists to get around quickly and experience the city’s beauty.
For a hotel stay in Lisse, try this bed and breakfast. If you prefer a homey apartment, this Fleurdelis property in Lisse is highly rated and offers a continental breakfast and convenient bike rentals on-site.
Leiden is located in South Holland and is home to Leiden University, the oldest university in the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. On the campus of Leiden University is Leiden Botanical Garden, where the tulip was introduced to Western Europe in 1590.
Leiden is home to nine operating windmills that can be seen by cruise boats. For a 4-star stay in Leiden, book a room at the Golden Tulip Leiden Centre near the heart of Leiden. Delft in South Holland is a canal-ringed city known for its famous Delft blue and white hand-painted pottery and ceramics. Delft is a walking city best explored on foot, especially with a local guide.
The famous tower of the New Church in Delft is the second tallest church tower in the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. The church is located across from the city hall in Delft, and visitors can climb the tower and enjoy spectacular views of The Hague and Rotterdam in the distance.
Since 1815, Dutch monarchs from the Kingdom of the Netherlands have been buried at the New Church. The Old Church began as a wooden church in 1050, is 75 meters tall, and has beautiful stained-glass windows and a Gothic tower. It houses the graves of important Dutch people, including the painter Johannes Vermeer.
Nightlife in Delft is lively; travelers can experience pubs and terraces for a drink and a good time in the old city center. For a hotel with excellent room service and family rooms, try the Hotel Arsenaal in Delft.
The Netherlands’ Other 10 Provinces
The remaining ten provinces in the Netherlands: Flevoland, Drenthe, Groningen, Friesland, Limburg, North Brabant, Gelderland, Overijssel, Utrecht, and Zeeland all offer a wide array of culture, food, and adventure in their own right.
In addition to the two most popular provinces in the Netherlands, these ten also contain spectacular sights, culture, art, and history from one of the most unique countries in the world. You must know where to look!
The youngest province in the Netherlands, Flevoland is home to the most tulip farms in the country. The province is also home to Walibi Holland, an amusement and theme park in Biddinghuizen.
In addition, the National Aviation Museum (Aviodrome) is located in Lelystad. Visitors can discover over 100 aircraft, get their Aviodrome pilot license, experience aviation in their 4D movie theater, and more.
Drenthe is in the northeastern part of the Netherlands and has been populated for over 15,000 years. Its capital is Assen, and the land is primarily used for agriculture, with many forests, bogs, and beautiful landscaping.
In the capital city of Assen, travelers can find entertainment through Grand Prix car racing, museums, and the Assen Dance Festival. Drents Museum has prehistorical artifacts, exhibits, and visual art representing the 18th century in the Netherlands.
Visit one of the oldest and largest city parks in the twelve provinces, called Asserbos. The park has a duck pond, bike paths, and a petting zoo. For a convenient stay near Assen’s shopping district, try the City Hotel de Jonge.
Emmen is another city in Drenthe home to a popular zoo called Wild Lands Adventure Zoo. The zoo offers up-close exhibits with animals like elephants, monkeys, penguins, and many more. Emmen also features a large shopping mall, public parks, and impressive cathedrals. For a colorful, memorable stay in Emmen, book a room at the Hotel ten Cate Emmen.
See Related: Best Museums in the Hague, Netherlands
Groningen was once one of the most influential and dominating city-states during the Middle Ages. As the most northeastern province in the Netherlands, Groningen is used primarily for agriculture today. Popular attractions in the area include the Groninger Museum, a colorful building with fascinating exhibitions and an intriguing art collection by local and international artists.
Prinsentuin Garden is located within Groningen’s city center and features stunning foliage, flowers, and a beautiful Renaissance-style garden. City Hotel Groningen is close to the museum, restaurants, and cafes.
Friesland is in the northern Netherlands and is home to a few attractions, including the Fries Museum in Leeuwarden, the tidal flats and wetlands of the Wadden Sea, and Wrakkenmuseum.
Friesland is known for its water sports, ice skating, and the renowned AquaZoo in Leeuwarden, with seals, sea lions, polar bears, and penguins to see up close. Leeuwarden is a famous city, and most of the province’s attractions are located here. Enjoy a stay at Oranje Hotel Leeuwarden for spacious rooms in the city’s historical center.
See Related: Historic Landmarks in the Netherlands
Limburg is in the southern region of the Netherlands and is home to the famous city of Maastricht. This city is known for its medieval-era architecture and exciting culture. Enjoy a tour of the city by a local and get insider information on the history of the impressive monuments, churches, town hall, and more.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant) borders South Holland and Gelderland, responsible for 20% of the nation’s industrial production. North Brabant attracts visitors because of its famous city, Eindhoven, also Philips Electronics’ birthplace.
Eindhoven is not just a technology and design hub; the city offers interesting distillery tours and experiences for visitors. Explore the city center and notable landmarks like the Brainport Eindhoven on a walking tour. For a luxurious stay in the city center, Pullman Eindhoven Cocagne checks every box.
Gelderland is home to the oldest remaining windmill in the Netherlands, known as the Zeddam Mill. It’s the only remaining working medieval tower mill in the Netherlands and is one of the oldest brick mills in all of Western Europe. Outside of Zeddam, Gelderland’s most popular city is Apeldoorn.
Most known for its shopping, culture, and architecture, Apeldoorn is home to the Het Loo Palace, built by William III in the 1800s, and is complete with stunning gardens to explore. Wander through the markets on the weekend or stop in the CODA Museum for a dose of modern visual art, contemporary costumes, jewelry, and more. For a relaxing stay near the palace, try the Bastion Hotel Apeldoorn Het Loo.
See Related: Things to Do in Alkmaar, Netherlands
Overijssel is located in the eastern region of the Netherlands and is known for its many outdoor activities. The largest popular city in Overijssel is Enschede, which travelers choose as a destination in the Netherlands for Volkspark, one of the oldest public parks in the country.
The park features beautiful English landscaping and much to explore. Catch a football game by the local team, FC Twente, at Grolsch Veste stadium. For a quaint stay in a bungalow off the beaten path, try the Op ‘t Oorbeck.
Zeeland is the Netherlands’ most southwestern province, bordering Belgium, and consists of many islands. Zeeland is home to sandy beaches, harbors, dunes, quaint villages, and interesting Dutch history. Middelburg is the capital city of Zeeland and is home to many historic windmills.
Along with South Holland, Zeeland is the location of Delta Works, the dams used as coastal defense from inclement weather.
Zeeland’s most popular village is the laid-back coastal town of Renesse, which houses tourists in the summer at various beach hotels like the Badhotel Renesse.
See Related: Things to Do in Brussels, Belgium
Where does the confusion between Holland and the Netherlands come from?
Dutch history points the finger at Dutch sailors. They sailed during the Golden Age in Europe (during the 17th century) and likely mentioned South Holland or North Holland as their homeland when they met other tradesmen.
A Dutch sailor may not have realized that explaining his origins in this context would imply that Holland was his home country rather than one of his nation’s provinces.
Now that we know the difference between the two, let’s look at what else you need to know about traveling to Holland and the Netherlands.
Holland and the Netherlands: Safety
Province to province, the Netherlands is considered a very safe country for travel. Amsterdam, the largest city in the Netherlands, is the country’s financial and cultural center and hosts millions of international tourists annually.
With so many tourists visiting the city, Amsterdam is one of the safest cities you can visit. The most significant safety threat in the city comes from cyclists. If tourists aren’t vigilant and paying attention when exploring on foot, they can get struck by a cyclist while crossing the street. Pickpocketing can happen in crowded areas, particularly near busy attractions.
Rotterdam in South Holland is home to the largest port in Europe and is very low risk for any crime or danger. Pickpockets are also present here, so use basic caution to avoid losing anything valuable, particularly on public transportation and around tourist attractions.
See Related: Tips for Riding a Bike in Amsterdam
Holland and the Netherlands: Transportation
Most Dutch people in major cities get around on bicycles. For travelers who are hesitant to jump on a bike without knowing their way around or the rules of the road, traveling by train or bus is ideal.
Public transportation is very accessible and affordable in the Netherlands. Because the country is small, the longest trip you can take will take less than three hours by car, bus, or train.
The train system in the Netherlands is highly functional and easy for travelers to navigate. The NS trains have regular stops on local routes in major cities and offer longer journeys between cities. For example, you can easily travel from Amsterdam (Noord-Holland) to Rotterdam (Zuid-Holland) in around 45 minutes by train. A bus trip would take around an hour, and the journey by car would take around 55 minutes.
Other trains in the Netherlands operate international trips for travelers who are bouncing around between countries. Train fares are affordable and often include discounts for those taking day trips. Make sure to buy a ticket before boarding the train; you’ll be fined immediately if caught traveling without a ticket.
Many travelers opt to rent bicycles and join the locals in their daily method of travel. We highly recommend biking in the Netherlands (particularly Amsterdam) if you get the chance; it’s a fantastic way to see the city and live like the locals. Make sure you know where you’re going and the rules of the bike paths before you venture out.
Some travelers staying for longer periods prefer to rent a car, which can be fairly expensive for international guests. Travelers can access local and international car rental services in the Netherlands.
See Related: Tips to Plan an Amazing Girls Trip to Amsterdam
Holland and the Netherlands: Lodging
Lodging in Holland and the Netherlands is safe and affordable and can offer travelers a close-up, immersive look at what living in the country is all about.
Hotels in Holland and the Netherlands
From budget to luxury, the hotel options in Holland and the Netherlands run the gamut and can fit every budget. Travelers can book individual rooms, suites, or shared living spaces depending on travel preferences and the length of the trip.
Hostels in Holland and the Netherlands
If traveling on a budget, hostels are an effective way to save money on accommodation in Holland and the Netherlands. You can choose from different vibes in a hostel, whether you want a more relaxed atmosphere or want to meet new people and have a good time. Explore hostel options in Holland and the Netherlands at HostelWorld.
Airbnb in Holland and the Netherlands
Vacation rentals in the Netherlands have exploded in recent years; Airbnb hosts can provide safe, affordable, comfortable, and convenient lodging for travelers from all over the world.
Offering homes, cabins, chalets, condos, and everything in between, Airbnb is a great travel option for visitors staying longer than a few nights and wanting to explore their surroundings.
Holland and the Netherlands: Food
Traditional Dutch food is unique to the Netherlands and should be experienced there. Aside from Gouda cheese, some of the most popular Dutch foods are desserts!
These include Poffertjes, tiny pancakes served with butter and sugar. For those with a sweet tooth, you can’t skip the Oliebollen, Dutch donuts, balls of dumpling batter fried in hot oil and sprinkled with powdered sugar. The apple tart is another Dutch classic that has to be experienced in the Netherlands; it’s been a staple in the Dutch diet since the Middle Ages.
Aside from desserts, Bitterballen are balls of beef or veal seasoned, rolled in breadcrumbs, and deep-fried. Pickled fish is a popular dish in this European country, often eaten as a snack and served with onions.
You’ll likely see fries covered in Sate, a Dutch take on mayonnaise or ketchup inspired by the Asian Satay sauce. Lastly, the hearty Stamppot, a warm dish of mashed potatoes, turnips, carrots, and onion dates back to the 15th century. Stamppot is traditionally served with smoked sausage and is a staple in Dutch diets.
See Related: Best Markets in Amsterdam to Visit
Holland and the Netherlands: Weather, Climate, and Terrain
The Netherlands is flat, with an ideal cycling, walking, and jogging landscape. Because of the influx of water in the Netherlands, many waterways, canals, lakes, and rivers help prevent flooding in the region.
Delta Works is a storm surge barrier in Zeeland and Zuid-Holland that protects the surrounding area and prevents flooding. A unique piece of Delta Works is Oosterscheldekering, a barrier and special dam that connects the Zeeland islands of Schouwen-Duiveland and Noord-Beveland.
This part of the Delta Works was built to protect the Zeeland region from the sea after the North Sea Flood in 1953. Generally, North Holland sees lower temperatures year-round when compared to South Holland. The Netherlands has no dry season, with rain occurring sporadically throughout every season.
Zuid-Holland has a warmer summer, with temperatures in the 80s through June, July, and August. Noord-Holland has cooler summer temperatures, averaging in the high 60s and low 70s through June, July, and August.
Holland and the Netherlands: Travel Tips
Every country has tips and tricks for optimizing your visit; here are a few travel tips that will help you have the best possible experience in the Netherlands.
- When in doubt, carry cash: If you aren’t sure if your credit or debit cards will work abroad, be proactive and carry cash in a pinch if needed.
- Tipping is not mandatory: Tipping in Europe differs from in the US and other countries; it’s a nice gesture, but definitely not required in the Netherlands.
- Prepare for rain: As a historically wet and flat country, rain is possible at nearly any time of day or season. Plan accordingly during your travels and ensure you have a coat or jacket to keep warm and dry.
- On a tight budget? Travel by train: Public transportation in the Netherlands is the best way to travel. Train fares are cheap and easy to navigate. Use Omio to find the best possible prices and times.
What’s the difference between Holland, Amsterdam, and the Netherlands?
Holland, Amsterdam, and the Netherlands often get confused and used interchangeably. The Netherlands (or Nederlands in Dutch) is the country’s name. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands and one of its major cities. Holland is the name of two Dutch provinces: North Holland and South Holland. Amsterdam is located in North Holland.