Known for the finest wines in the world, Italy has more than 1.5 million acres of vineyards and more than 250 varietals. Italy has a rich wine heritage which goes back 2000 years. The best wine regions in Italy are divided into 20 areas that cover the breadth and width of the entire Mediterranean peninsula. These vineyards produce exceptional quality wine and if you are a wine lover, follow your nose through vitality and make time to stop for a glass of classic wine. There are several wine tours in Italy.
For an ideal fusion of culture, food, and wine, there is nothing like Italy. Wine tours in Italy have gained immense popularity. Besides the canals of Venice and the Roman architecture, the one thing that remains constant is wine. Italian wine cities are steeped with a rich history which is still alive in a unique style.
History of wine in Italy
Italy has a climate suitable for viticulture and wine history dates back to more than 4,000 years. One of the most diverse winemaking countries in the world, Italy is also known as Oenotria, meaning the land of wine. Grapes are easily cultivated here and this makes wine production easy and convenient.
The Greeks began wine cultivation and were followed by Romans who took an interest in the skills. With a rise in Catholicism and the increasing importance of wine, Italy continues to refine winemaking techniques and has cemented a strong reputation across the world for making excellent quality wines.
Take a look at the Italian wine map and you will realize how prominent wine is in the food and culture of Italy. One cannot think of Italy without thinking about its wine.
By the nineteenth century, Italy had gained global recognition for inexpensive table wines and in the 1960s, laws were passed to control wine quality. This is when the modern era of wine production started. Today, wines are more popular and varied than ever. You will find a wide range of white, sparkling, and red wines made in different styles for consumers around the world.
List of Top Wine Regions in Italy
Located between Tyrrhenian seas in Southern Italy and Ionian, Calabria has seen various viticultural influences over the past centuries. It is one of the best wine regions in Italy to visit. It all began with the Greeks who established vineyards here. This area is also known for the production of olives and citrus.
Calabria is the least visited regions in the country, which is why you need to add it to your itinerary. It is a culinary gem you might have never heard of. When in Calabria, try the red Gaglioppo or the white Greco from the different wineries present here. This region has contrasting weather and temperature that give different flavors from one vineyard to another.
Abruzzo has the most beautiful vineyards in Italy and is located in central Italy. The activity of winemaking was introduced in Abruzzo in the 6th century BC and it has grown over the last 50 years. Abruzzo is a new hot tourist destination and is known for the beautiful beaches and spectacular hiking trails.
Abruzzo is known for a different generation of wine experts, entrepreneurs, and penologists who are the driving force for the improvement in wine. When in Abruzzo, try white Trebbiano and red Montepulciano.
The reigning region of Italian wines, a true wine lover cannot skip Tuscany. Located in the endless rolling hills and over the cobble country roads, Tuscany is a picturesque destination. It is utterly gorgeous and is one of the best wine regions in Italy. It is popular for the outstanding dine and wine scene.
Besides Florence and Pisa, there are several other places to visit in Tuscany. It should be on everyone’s itinerary visiting Italy. Tuscany is one of the most prolific wine regions where you can enjoy Tuscany wine tours with a Chianti or Brunello di Montalcino.
If you want to know what are the top wines in Italy, you might want to ask the locals. Florence is the best town to stay in when visiting the wine regions of Italy.
Located on the fertile Northern region of Italy, Emilia-Romagna has more than 55,000 hectares in vineyards and it makes the best wines in the country. It is famously known as an ideal destination for food and fantasy.
Originally introduced by Etruscans and then taken over by the Romans, the wines here are outstanding. It offers the finest wines of northern Italy. Try a sparkling Lambrusco or a Sangiovese when in this region. When it comes to the choice of wine, you will be spoilt because it has an exceptional variety.
Lazio is known for the volcanic soils which are ideal for growing Italian grapes. It is because of this soil that grapes get the right mix of acidity. The area also enjoys a cool sea breeze and has breathtaking beaches. When in Lazio, try Malvasia di Candia or young Trebbiano.
Lombardy is situated in northern Italy and it is landlocked. However, vines have grown on the shores of the grand lakes for many years. It tempers the climate of the vineyard zones which falls in the region.
Lombardy has an ideal area between the Po Basin and Alps that has led to a huge array of mesh climates. It has more than 300 museums across the territory and attracts millions of tourists each year. You can take a guided food and wine tour through different areas in Lombardy.
When in Lombardy, do not forget to try the sparkling Franciacorta or red Valtellina to get the taste of the beautiful area’s wines.
Best known as Apulia, Puglia is located on the far south-east corner of the Italian peninsula. It has the climate and soil conditions that vary from north to south. Puglia is divided into three different areas and it is a paradise for nature lovers. However, it is less touristy which is why it is best to visit.
The capital of Puglia, Bari has everything to offer. It has shopping, history, architecture, food and so much more. It has breathtaking beaches and it is one of the best wine regions in Italy. When here, try the Impigno or a Salmon hued rosé.
When it comes to Italian wine, Molise is not very popular across the world. It gained independence recently and has since then worked to build a wine offering in the world. Molise is Italy’s best kept secret and is an underpopulated region. It is the youngest and the second smallest region in Italy.
Because of the diverse geography and climate, and a unique soil combination that is favorable for the growth of grapes, it has managed to create interest in their exceptional wines. If you happen to be in Molise, try Montepulciano based blend or Trebbiano Toscano.
A guide to the best wine regions to visit in Italy remains incomplete without the mention of Sicily. The island is one of the biggest in the Mediterranean Sea. It is the best wine region in Italy. Sicily has enjoyed a strong reputation as an epicenter of the wine culture for more than 2,000 years.
It receives adequate sunshine and moderate rainfall which makes the climate ideal for the production of grapes. There are many things to do and see in Sicily. It remains at the top of the itinerary for most tourists. Try a Marsala or dry white wine when in Sicily.
The winemaking history of Marche spans across a thousand years and it has been influenced by Romans, Lombards, and Etruscans. This wine culture explains the breadth of vinicultural tradition and different wine styles in the area.
Marche is located on the eastern side of central Italy and it covers more than 25,000 hectares. It is one of the twenty regions of Italy yet one of the least known regions. It has a production of more than 2 million hectoliters of wine every year. You should try a cold Verdicchio with seafood to make the most of local wine in this region.
11. Valle d’Aosta
Popularly known as Aosta Valley, this region is surrounded in the hilly part of Northwest Italy. It is ideally situated where Italy borders Switzerland and France. Valle d’ Aosta is the smallest region in Italy and not visited by many tourists.
It has the advantage of a location and a major part of this region used for viticulture receives the best temperature variation.
It remains highly warm in the day and extremely cold at night. This allows the local vignerons to use the right techniques for the creation of wine.
Try the Picotendro which is a local form of Nebbiolo.
Located in the southern region of Italy, Basilicata is known for a unique Greek viticultural heritage. It was the Greeks that first introduced vineyards in this region and today it still enjoys Balkan breeze and ample sunshine, which initially inspired the first vignerons to live here.
Basilicata has stunning parks, rich cuisine, and great beaches which attract tourists from across the world. You can enjoy a cave stay in Basilicata. Try Aglianico or a Malvasia when in this region.
Campania is on the shin of the Italian region. The region is known for growing the finest Italian varietals which include a large bunch that does not grow elsewhere on the Earth.
Campania is popular for the beautiful landscapes and the climate. It remains surrounded by hills and is less touristy. Not many are aware of the beauty and serenity that this region offers. Drink the Falerno here, it is an ancient Italian wine or try white Greco.
A stunning coastal region, Linguria runs on the Mediterranean coast. This region is flanked by the France border and Tuscany. It is separated into two regions by the Riveria. It is difficult to grow grapes here but there are many vineyards that are managed by artisanal producers who grow Italian wine grapes on terraces.
There are some regions that are not easily accessible and can be reached by boat and are completely cultivated by hand.
Known for white wines, Liguria is an opportunity to try Vermentino and spicy Rossese. Seafood plays a prominent role in the local diet here.
15. Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Known as the best quality region for the production of wine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia is acclaimed for the efforts of a group of small scale producers who are working with local grape varieties. You will find the finest quality of wine in this region.
Unlike the Italian counterparts, the winemakers experiment with international varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay. It is a culturally diverse area and offers food and wine options.
Wines from this region are praised across Italy. They also produce some high quality sparkling wine using the famous Charmat method. If you are here, try a Prosecco.
Located in north-west Italy, Piedmont has the best seat in the finest wine areas of Italy. It boasts of some of the most beautiful towns and picturesque villages. It is famous for the tannic red wine, but its success story lies in the sparkling white Moscato d’Asti. Include it in your itinerary, do not miss the best wine regions in Italy.
Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. The wine style of the region is similar to that of Spain and it can be seen in various varieties that grow here. If you happen to visit Sardinia, try the Moscato Bianco or Grenache. When in Sardinia, you will get several options to choose from. If you are confused, ask the locals.
18. Trentino-Alto Adige
Known for the local Schiava and Lagrein varieties in the last century, Trentino-Alto Adige wines are highly popular now. It remains one of the best wine regions in Italy. This region is known for international varieties like Chardonnay.
All wines produced in this region bear the hallmark of the region which has a political and cultural past as complex and dramatic as the climate and geography.
Modern wine-making techniques prevail in the region and it is also the only wine region in Italy that has increased the planted area in the last two decades.
Umbria is ideally located in the heart of the Italian region and it is surrounded by Marche, Lazio, and Tuscany. It is less popular than many of its neighbors in terms of grape yield but it is known for the top quality wine produced from varietals like Pinot Noir, Merlot, and Cabernet Sauvignon.
If you want to try a different wine, try the barrel-fermented Chardonnay.
One of the best and highly notable Italian wine regions, Veneto has an impressive variety of red wines and white wines. You can try Soave, Prosecco or Recioto when here. There are many great wines for you to pick from.
If you are traveling to Italy, it is best to take wine tours across different regions. You will not only get an opportunity to taste the finest Italian wines but you will also learn about the wine making process. A wine tour is one of the best experiences you can indulge in when in Italy. When it comes to places to drink wine in Italy, you will be spoilt for choice. It’s one of the best places to visit in Northern Italy.